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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Marvell Technology Group Ltd was -1.87. The lowest was -3.89. And the median was -2.50.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Marvell Technology Group Ltd for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.1858||+||0.528 * 0.8195||+||0.404 * 1.1355||+||0.892 * 0.8749||+||0.115 * 0.8415|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0316||+||4.679 * 0.0805||-||0.327 * 0.4741|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.
|This Year (Jan17) TTM:||Last Year (Jan16) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $335 Mil.|
Revenue was 496.026 + 654.422 + 626.404 + 540.822 = $2,318 Mil.
Gross Profit was 299.38 + 368.359 + 338.796 + 281.612 = $1,288 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,280 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,649 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $243 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $118 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $243 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $496 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Net Income was -80.091 + 72.616 + 51.305 + -22.679 = $21 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 4.192 + 0 + 3.188 + -1.836 = $6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 118.846 + 121.461 + 10.859 + -609.601 = $-358 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $323 Mil.
Revenue was 539.546 + 674.89 + 710.492 + 724.288 = $2,649 Mil.
Gross Profit was 289.155 + 295.636 + 248.773 + 373.135 = $1,207 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,955 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,442 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $297 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $113 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $269 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,226 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(335.384 / 2317.674)||/||(323.3 / 2649.216)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(1206.699 / 2649.216)||/||(1288.147 / 2317.674)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (2280.33 + 243.397) / 4648.65)||/||(1 - (2954.662 + 296.778) / 5442.127)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(112.864 / (112.864 + 296.778))||/||(118.492 / (118.492 + 243.397))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(243.193 / 2317.674)||/||(269.455 / 2649.216)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 496.416) / 4648.65)||/||((0 + 1225.785) / 5442.127)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(21.151 - 5.544||-||-358.435)||/||4648.65|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Marvell Technology Group Ltd has a M-score of -1.94 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Marvell Technology Group Ltd Annual Data
Marvell Technology Group Ltd Quarterly Data