Switch to:
ArcelorMittal SA (NYSE:MT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.74 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

ArcelorMittal SA has a M-score of -2.91 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

MT' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -7.59   Max: 13.44
Current: -2.74

-7.59
13.44

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of ArcelorMittal SA was 13.44. The lowest was -7.59. And the median was -2.40.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of ArcelorMittal SA for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.8398+0.528 * -0.8034+0.404 * 1.0259+0.892 * 1.0191+0.115 * 1.0472
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * -4.0482+4.679 * -0.0477-0.327 * 1.0312
=-2.91

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $4,940 Mil.
Revenue was 20067 + 20704 + 19788 + 19848 = $80,407 Mil.
Gross Profit was 19121 + 19773 + 18708 + -51827 = $5,775 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $30,103 Mil.
Total Assets was $104,073 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $48,162 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4,080 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,519 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $22,764 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $17,487 Mil.
Net Income was 22 + 52 + -205 + -1227 = $-1,358 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -603 + -209 + -344 + 501 = $-655 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 501 + 1548 + -471 + 2687 = $4,265 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $5,772 Mil.
Revenue was 19643 + 20197 + 19752 + 19309 = $78,901 Mil.
Gross Profit was 18407 + 19022 + 18591 + -60573 = $-4,553 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $32,503 Mil.
Total Assets was $111,166 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $51,792 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4,613 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $-853 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $23,224 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18,469 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(4940 / 80407) / (5772 / 78901)
=0.06143744 / 0.07315497
=0.8398

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(19773 / 78901) / (19121 / 80407)
=-0.05770523 / 0.07182211
=-0.8034

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (30103 + 48162) / 104073) / (1 - (32503 + 51792) / 111166)
=0.24797978 / 0.24171959
=1.0259

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=80407 / 78901
=1.0191

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(4613 / (4613 + 51792)) / (4080 / (4080 + 48162))
=0.08178353 / 0.07809808
=1.0472

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(3519 / 80407) / (-853 / 78901)
=0.04376485 / -0.01081102
=-4.0482

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((17487 + 22764) / 104073) / ((18469 + 23224) / 111166)
=0.38675737 / 0.37505172
=1.0312

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-1358 - -655 - 4265) / 104073
=-0.0477

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

ArcelorMittal SA has a M-score of -2.91 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ArcelorMittal SA Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.83640.83531.83230.60830.59521.74750.77870.93570.87951.0186
GMI 0.69581.45891.1550.92541.2724.18790.40640.954211.7180.1507
AQI 0.58190.99731.62071.18641.08681.26310.9581.01260.95050.9668
SGI 2.15451.36482.09261.78731.18740.48841.27871.20440.89610.9433
DEPI 1.09331.60241.35180.59490.88861.09730.94110.93820.99250.9572
SGAI 0.85031.15111.33191.0271.02151.14210.70970.88531.040.9581
LVGI 0.68620.97551.02310.99091.03970.81881.10461.0211.02990.963
TATA -0.0184-0.027-0.0217-0.056-0.0453-0.0457-0.0112-0.0004-0.0779-0.057
M-score -0.96-2.14-0.53-2.41-2.75-0.63-2.81-2.372.57-3.23

ArcelorMittal SA Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 0.7750.8250.87950.89780.9750.9981.01860.92520.88550.8398
GMI 2.65639.812711.718-3.5492-1.2484-0.40310.1507-0.5072-0.9062-0.8034
AQI 0.91980.96060.95050.92790.91090.92490.96681.02091.06241.0259
SGI 1.04660.94720.89610.860.85990.90320.94330.9781.01271.0191
DEPI 0.88170.93310.99250.97640.98861.00360.95720.97961.04861.0472
SGAI -0.785-0.51841.2011-0.06650.03290.0442-0.18393.17-6.4274-4.0482
LVGI 1.02790.99971.02990.9770.97890.95560.9631.00880.97831.0312
TATA -0.0539-0.0533-0.0771-0.0748-0.0891-0.085-0.057-0.0532-0.0422-0.0477
M-score -1.771.952.55-5.29-4.10-3.56-3.03-3.98-2.46-2.91
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)
Free 7-day Trial
FEEDBACK