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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of MasTec Inc was -1.25. The lowest was -3.87. And the median was -2.57.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of MasTec Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0399||+||0.528 * 0.858||+||0.404 * 0.9142||+||0.892 * 1.2201||+||0.115 * 1.0085|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.8058||+||4.679 * -0.0266||-||0.327 * 0.9829|
|This Year (Dec16) TTM:||Last Year (Dec15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $1,156 Mil.|
Revenue was 1341.892 + 1586.181 + 1232.404 + 974.225 = $5,135 Mil.
Gross Profit was 221.338 + 217.193 + 164.222 + 89.824 = $693 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,402 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,183 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $549 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $165 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $261 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $840 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $961 Mil.
Net Income was 53.591 + 56.277 + 24.088 + -2.692 = $131 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -6.029 + 0.965 + -1.035 + 16.422 = $10 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 78.452 + 98.653 + 12.637 + 15.851 = $206 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $911 Mil.
Revenue was 1027.424 + 1111.01 + 1066.629 + 1003.268 = $4,208 Mil.
Gross Profit was 111.193 + 138.299 + 120.682 + 116.854 = $487 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,130 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,927 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $559 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $170 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $266 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $753 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $933 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(1156 / 5134.702)||/||(911.1 / 4208.331)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(487.028 / 4208.331)||/||(692.577 / 5134.702)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1402.486 + 549.084) / 3183.132)||/||(1 - (1129.758 + 558.667) / 2927.347)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(169.662 / (169.662 + 558.667))||/||(164.915 / (164.915 + 549.084))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(261.433 / 5134.702)||/||(265.911 / 4208.331)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((961.379 + 839.99) / 3183.132)||/||((932.868 + 752.535) / 2927.347)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(131.264 - 10.323||-||205.593)||/||3183.132|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
MasTec Inc has a M-score of -2.44 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
MasTec Inc Annual Data
MasTec Inc Quarterly Data