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Micron Technology Inc (NAS:MU)
Beneish M-Score
-2.45 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Micron Technology Inc has a M-score of -2.45 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

MU' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -14.5   Max: 3.46
Current: -2.45

-14.5
3.46

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Micron Technology Inc was 3.46. The lowest was -14.50. And the median was -2.95.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Micron Technology Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9884+0.528 * 0.5214+0.404 * 1.4182+0.892 * 1.8277+0.115 * 1.062
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.7755+4.679 * -0.1353-0.327 * 1.0878
=-2.45

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (May14) TTM:Last Year (May13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $2,715 Mil.
Revenue was 3982 + 4107 + 4042 + 2843 = $14,974 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1368 + 1403 + 1281 + 708 = $4,760 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $9,705 Mil.
Total Assets was $20,495 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,021 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2,000 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $720 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,760 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,137 Mil.
Net Income was 806 + 731 + 358 + 1708 = $3,603 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -21 + -122 + -80 + 1529 = $1,306 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1455 + 1390 + 1507 + 717 = $5,069 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,503 Mil.
Revenue was 2318 + 2078 + 1834 + 1963 = $8,193 Mil.
Gross Profit was 556 + 366 + 217 + 219 = $1,358 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,886 Mil.
Total Assets was $14,055 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $6,830 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,837 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $508 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,342 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,267 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(2715 / 14974) / (1503 / 8193)
=0.18131428 / 0.18344929
=0.9884

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1403 / 8193) / (1368 / 14974)
=0.16575125 / 0.31788433
=0.5214

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (9705 + 8021) / 20495) / (1 - (5886 + 6830) / 14055)
=0.13510612 / 0.09526859
=1.4182

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=14974 / 8193
=1.8277

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(1837 / (1837 + 6830)) / (2000 / (2000 + 8021))
=0.21195339 / 0.19958088
=1.062

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(720 / 14974) / (508 / 8193)
=0.04808334 / 0.06200415
=0.7755

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((4137 + 4760) / 20495) / ((3267 + 2342) / 14055)
=0.43410588 / 0.39907506
=1.0878

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(3603 - 1306 - 5069) / 20495
=-0.1353

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Micron Technology Inc has a M-score of -2.45 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Micron Technology Inc Annual Data

Aug04Aug05Aug06Aug07Aug08Aug09Aug10Aug11Aug12Aug13
DSRI 0.84520.92661.1140.96371.0110.94041.08640.94370.9191.6397
GMI -0.02241.27141.03061.202-20.12720.103-0.28571.59951.70160.5775
AQI 0.61720.94172.03310.87360.71021.43761.33140.77291.10651.3186
SGI 1.42471.10811.08031.07891.02690.82231.7661.03610.9371.1019
DEPI 1.03020.96581.18971.03980.90690.81680.99581.06910.94081.2107
SGAI 0.58330.88461.30621.22910.72640.94620.84461.08221.11780.8226
LVGI 0.9270.96860.67721.6021.11321.32210.74270.99391.25251.2172
TATA -0.1295-0.1307-0.1542-0.0906-0.1677-0.2641-0.1182-0.1501-0.222-0.0987
M-score -3.44-2.92-2.52-3.04-14.50-4.34-2.70-2.98-3.35-2.37

Micron Technology Inc Quarterly Data

Feb12May12Aug12Nov12Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14
DSRI 0.98790.9690.9190.89051.02851.15751.63971.7591.39360.9884
GMI 1.77621.90741.70161.61751.21820.76750.57750.42750.4340.5214
AQI 0.67711.09361.10651.25711.42540.89261.31861.23191.18471.4182
SGI 0.90180.92010.9370.92490.96050.97411.10191.4141.6541.8277
DEPI 0.95930.95950.94081.0151.07921.11421.21071.14711.10891.062
SGAI 1.1341.19581.11781.05430.8860.820.82260.74450.75770.7755
LVGI 1.11131.30881.25251.34231.29051.11741.21721.17481.19851.0878
TATA -0.1767-0.2083-0.222-0.2205-0.1847-0.1493-0.1018-0.1265-0.13-0.1353
M-score -3.19-3.18-3.35-3.37-3.13-3.22-2.39-2.21-2.38-2.45
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