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MeadWestvaco Corporation (NYSE:MWV)
Beneish M-Score
-2.13 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

MeadWestvaco Corporation has a M-score of -2.13 signals that the company is a manipulator.

MWV' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.95   Max: -1.43
Current: -2.13

-2.95
-1.43

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of MeadWestvaco Corporation was -1.43. The lowest was -2.95. And the median was -2.66.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of MeadWestvaco Corporation for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0135+0.528 * 1.0936+0.404 * 1.1095+0.892 * 1.0193+0.115 * 0.957
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9178+4.679 * 0.0333-0.327 * 0.8083
=-2.13

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $625 Mil.
Revenue was 1177 + 1434 + 1434 + 1344 = $5,389 Mil.
Gross Profit was 160 + 322 + 263 + 215 = $960 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,476 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,285 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,647 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $390 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $638 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,176 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,816 Mil.
Net Income was 677 + 80 + 71 + 11 = $839 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 44 + 8 + 5 + 2 = $59 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 177 + 148 + 199 + -87 = $437 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $605 Mil.
Revenue was 1156 + 1395 + 1423 + 1313 = $5,287 Mil.
Gross Profit was 132 + 300 + 325 + 273 = $1,030 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,066 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,908 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,593 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $366 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $682 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,106 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,100 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(625 / 5389) / (605 / 5287)
=0.11597699 / 0.11443162
=1.0135

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(322 / 5287) / (160 / 5389)
=0.19481748 / 0.17814066
=1.0936

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2476 + 3647) / 10285) / (1 - (2066 + 3593) / 8908)
=0.40466699 / 0.36472833
=1.1095

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5389 / 5287
=1.0193

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(366 / (366 + 3593)) / (390 / (390 + 3647))
=0.09244759 / 0.09660639
=0.957

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(638 / 5389) / (682 / 5287)
=0.11838931 / 0.12899565
=0.9178

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1816 + 1176) / 10285) / ((2100 + 1106) / 8908)
=0.29090909 / 0.35990121
=0.8083

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(839 - 59 - 437) / 10285
=0.0333

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

MeadWestvaco Corporation has a M-score of -2.13 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

MeadWestvaco Corporation Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.8231.07171.03610.98290.79111.28921.07740.66461.02971.0135
GMI 0.93341.0671.01340.96921.11480.90280.91490.91751.08591.0936
AQI 1.77080.70551.10221.33320.83241.0770.99881.00111.03151.1095
SGI 1.08881.01821.05830.98121.03590.81450.91491.07520.99421.0193
DEPI 0.64540.95760.96150.90920.95381.08011.09981.03361.04220.957
SGAI 0.9420.92821.13110.97980.89771.14580.86721.04181.02240.9178
LVGI 0.96580.91781.06420.94221.08840.88890.98431.03050.9420.8083
TATA -0.1261-0.0241-0.0578-0.0649-0.0332-0.1125-0.0489-0.0362-0.02770.0333
M-score -2.90-2.56-2.66-2.69-2.82-2.91-2.72-2.95-2.51-2.13

MeadWestvaco Corporation Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
DSRI 1.08590.65060.95150.73030.77481.0520.94331.05551.00551.0135
GMI 1.00130.91140.99971.02121.02931.09311.13271.21461.17581.0936
AQI 1.02251.00110.96980.96730.94321.03151.01191.05741.09821.1095
SGI 0.89761.09851.06581.08691.10420.97310.98830.98160.99171.0193
DEPI 1.14331.03361.08610.99231.00911.04221.00541.01460.98060.957
SGAI 0.90941.06231.02471.00721.04351.00261.03131.00080.99210.9178
LVGI 0.98811.03051.48620.9930.99740.9420.67711.01170.9510.8083
TATA -0.0325-0.0362-0.0416-0.0375-0.0283-0.0277-0.0196-0.0337-0.03450.0333
M-score -2.60-2.95-2.83-2.83-2.74-2.50-2.46-2.47-2.50-2.13
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