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Nabors Industries Ltd (NYSE:NBR)
Beneish M-Score
-3.07 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Nabors Industries Ltd has a M-score of -3.07 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NBR' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.82   Max: -1.25
Current: -3.07

-3.82
-1.25

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Nabors Industries Ltd was -1.25. The lowest was -3.82. And the median was -2.53.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Nabors Industries Ltd for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0504+0.528 * 0.9927+0.404 * 1.0079+0.892 * 0.9652+0.115 * 0.9679
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.047+4.679 * -0.1306-0.327 * 0.9534
=-3.07

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,454 Mil.
Revenue was 1588.153 + 1607.27 + 1549.42 + 1507.767 = $6,253 Mil.
Gross Profit was 526.414 + 573.655 + 568.509 + 508.575 = $2,177 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,691 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,187 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,691 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,133 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $530 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,238 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,812 Mil.
Net Income was 49.919 + 150.603 + -105.381 + -4.361 = $91 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -1.476 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $-1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 444.563 + 443.508 + 309.307 + 486.113 = $1,683 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,435 Mil.
Revenue was 1617.794 + 1614.64 + 1637.604 + 1608.165 = $6,478 Mil.
Gross Profit was 622.802 + 601.054 + 530.572 + 484.909 = $2,239 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,119 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,585 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,642 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,086 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $525 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,091 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,380 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1454.368 / 6252.61) / (1434.53 / 6478.203)
=0.23260175 / 0.22143949
=1.0504

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(573.655 / 6478.203) / (526.414 / 6252.61)
=0.34567256 / 0.34819907
=0.9927

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2691.268 + 8690.759) / 12187.073) / (1 - (3118.698 + 8641.947) / 12585.457)
=0.06605737 / 0.06553691
=1.0079

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6252.61 / 6478.203
=0.9652

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(1086 / (1086 + 8641.947)) / (1133.074 / (1133.074 + 8690.759))
=0.11163712 / 0.1153393
=0.9679

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(530.128 / 6252.61) / (524.59 / 6478.203)
=0.08478507 / 0.0809777
=1.047

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3812.476 + 1238.142) / 12187.073) / ((4379.758 + 1091.146) / 12585.457)
=0.4144242 / 0.43470046
=0.9534

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(90.78 - -1.476 - 1683.491) / 12187.073
=-0.1306

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Nabors Industries Ltd has a M-score of -3.07 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nabors Industries Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.03411.06910.97420.91551.04050.9311.29990.97280.81091.072
GMI 0.94040.81630.91271.08991.0650.94681.02761.09271.1440.9374
AQI 0.4941.0391.33670.89150.80980.79681.35460.8840.69311.0371
SGI 1.27241.42381.38571.02291.07350.671.18631.45151.08150.9443
DEPI 0.90131.04461.20320.94130.9550.98250.88580.88910.95630.9383
SGAI 0.92840.88841.21661.02371.02481.33140.68250.96951.00071.0538
LVGI 0.8880.87951.47550.89410.94630.95041.04841.06320.91420.9849
TATA -0.0506-0.0532-0.0483-0.0424-0.0938-0.1599-0.0869-0.0936-0.1105-0.1051
M-score -2.64-2.30-2.47-2.71-2.85-3.74-2.26-2.57-3.12-2.98

Nabors Industries Ltd Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
DSRI 0.97280.99461.02290.92040.80060.84570.89240.96461.07991.0504
GMI 1.09271.10041.1351.14881.14671.09231.00780.94090.93740.9927
AQI 0.8840.90550.7640.71420.69310.71520.86510.92341.03711.0079
SGI 1.45151.38921.31921.18871.09540.98770.93590.92360.93730.9652
DEPI 0.88910.95570.93160.92920.95630.91630.91090.9070.93830.9679
SGAI 0.96950.94480.91510.96510.9921.04511.07831.06381.06021.047
LVGI 1.06321.03831.04951.00670.91420.94020.93430.94040.98490.9534
TATA -0.0936-0.0844-0.0984-0.1088-0.1105-0.1039-0.1026-0.112-0.1002-0.1306
M-score -2.57-2.53-2.67-2.94-3.12-3.18-3.17-3.17-2.96-3.07
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