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Nabors Industries Ltd (NYSE:NBR)
Beneish M-Score
-2.94 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Nabors Industries Ltd has a M-score of -2.94 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NBR' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.72   Max: -1.26
Current: -2.94

-3.72
-1.26

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Nabors Industries Ltd was -1.26. The lowest was -3.72. And the median was -2.52.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Nabors Industries Ltd for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.075+0.528 * 1.0177+0.404 * 0.9813+0.892 * 1.0038+0.115 * 1.0073
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0133+4.679 * -0.1143-0.327 * 0.991
=-2.94

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,449 Mil.
Revenue was 1623.471 + 1588.153 + 1607.27 + 1549.42 = $6,368 Mil.
Gross Profit was 556.976 + 526.414 + 573.655 + 568.509 = $2,226 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,811 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,436 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,833 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,133 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $531 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,320 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,956 Mil.
Net Income was 64.444 + 49.919 + 150.603 + -105.381 = $160 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -16.504 + -1.476 + 0 + 0 = $-18 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 401.474 + 444.563 + 443.508 + 309.307 = $1,599 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,342 Mil.
Revenue was 1474.147 + 1617.794 + 1614.64 + 1637.604 = $6,344 Mil.
Gross Profit was 501.837 + 622.802 + 601.054 + 530.572 = $2,256 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,893 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,267 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,578 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,109 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $522 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,180 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,071 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1448.511 / 6368.314) / (1342.386 / 6344.185)
=0.22745596 / 0.21159314
=1.075

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(526.414 / 6344.185) / (556.976 / 6368.314)
=0.355643 / 0.34947303
=1.0177

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2810.638 + 8832.966) / 12435.999) / (1 - (2892.832 + 8577.586) / 12266.903)
=0.06371784 / 0.06492959
=0.9813

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6368.314 / 6344.185
=1.0038

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(1109.158 / (1109.158 + 8577.586)) / (1132.787 / (1132.787 + 8832.966))
=0.11450266 / 0.11366798
=1.0073

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(531.146 / 6368.314) / (522.18 / 6344.185)
=0.08340449 / 0.08230844
=1.0133

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3956.29 + 1319.586) / 12435.999) / ((4071.191 + 1180.156) / 12266.903)
=0.42424223 / 0.42809069
=0.991

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(159.585 - -17.98 - 1598.852) / 12435.999
=-0.1143

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Nabors Industries Ltd has a M-score of -2.94 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nabors Industries Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.03341.04940.96980.93691.04050.94431.28160.96990.81331.072
GMI 0.93930.81730.91141.091.0650.97171.00121.10491.13130.9374
AQI 0.87710.58521.33670.89150.81370.7931.35460.8840.69311.0371
SGI 1.27321.45051.39190.99961.07350.66061.20331.45581.07830.9443
DEPI 0.90141.04461.20320.94130.91211.02870.88580.91120.93310.9383
SGAI 0.92780.8821.20961.03711.02481.35520.67050.97070.99941.0538
LVGI 0.8880.87951.47550.89411.00860.89181.04841.06320.91420.9849
TATA -0.046-0.0531-0.0556-0.0382-0.07-0.1599-0.0869-0.0939-0.1105-0.1051
M-score -2.46-2.48-2.50-2.69-2.76-3.70-2.27-2.56-3.13-2.98

Nabors Industries Ltd Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 0.99691.02680.92840.8030.8470.8970.96731.08571.05611.075
GMI 1.09911.13371.14791.13411.086310.93340.93510.99051.0177
AQI 0.90550.7640.71420.69310.71520.86510.92341.03711.00790.9813
SGI 1.3861.31421.17841.09210.98620.9310.9210.93230.961.0038
DEPI 0.94170.95390.9510.93310.90750.88960.88620.93830.96791.0073
SGAI 0.93850.90220.94580.99071.04761.08751.07621.06311.04991.0133
LVGI 1.03831.04951.00670.91420.94020.93430.94040.98490.95340.991
TATA -0.0848-0.0863-0.0967-0.0977-0.0912-0.1018-0.1112-0.0994-0.1298-0.1143
M-score -2.53-2.61-2.88-3.07-3.13-3.17-3.17-2.96-3.07-2.94
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