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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with Netflix Inc $NFLX.
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Netflix Inc (NAS:NFLX)
Beneish M-Score
-1.48 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Netflix Inc has a M-score of -1.48 signals that the company is a manipulator.

NFLX' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.96   Max: -1.48
Current: -1.48

-3.96
-1.48

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Netflix Inc was -1.48. The lowest was -3.96. And the median was -2.71.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Netflix Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1+0.528 * 1.0176+0.404 * 1.2439+0.892 * 1.3026+0.115 * 1.4144
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9781+4.679 * 0.1222-0.327 * 1.0118
=-1.48

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec16) TTM:Last Year (Dec15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 2477.541 + 2290.188 + 2105.204 + 1957.736 = $8,831 Mil.
Gross Profit was 823.122 + 757.344 + 632.106 + 588.196 = $2,801 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,720 Mil.
Total Assets was $13,587 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $250 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $58 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,569 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,587 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,364 Mil.
Net Income was 66.748 + 51.517 + 40.755 + 27.658 = $187 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -557.16 + -461.941 + -226.293 + -228.59 = $-1,474 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 1823.333 + 1738.355 + 1644.694 + 1573.129 = $6,780 Mil.
Gross Profit was 573.968 + 564.397 + 522.942 + 526.728 = $2,188 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,432 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,203 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $173 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $62 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,231 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,530 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,371 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0 / 8830.669) / (0 / 6779.511)
=0 / 0
=1

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2188.035 / 6779.511) / (2800.768 / 8830.669)
=0.3227423 / 0.31716374
=1.0176

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (5720.291 + 250.395) / 13586.61) / (1 - (5431.84 + 173.412) / 10202.871)
=0.5605463 / 0.45062012
=1.2439

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=8830.669 / 6779.511
=1.3026

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(62.283 / (62.283 + 173.412)) / (57.528 / (57.528 + 250.395))
=0.26425253 / 0.18682593
=1.4144

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1568.877 / 8830.669) / (1231.421 / 6779.511)
=0.1776623 / 0.18163862
=0.9781

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3364.311 + 4586.657) / 13586.61) / ((2371.362 + 3529.624) / 10202.871)
=0.58520617 / 0.57836525
=1.0118

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(186.678 - 0 - -1473.984) / 13586.61
=0.1222

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Netflix Inc has a M-score of -1.48 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Netflix Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
DSRI 1111111111
GMI 1.06661.04430.94110.95031.02451.37040.92270.90310.98611.0176
AQI 1.35280.77040.94341.09211.63041.11991.02021.02661.07011.2439
SGI 1.20941.13221.22391.29481.48181.12631.2121.25831.23161.3026
DEPI 0.9931.12812.94260.98070.94110.26173.49181.00321.00271.4144
SGAI 0.85570.81330.94710.95730.99750.96940.92781.07171.14020.9781
LVGI 1.14671.13271.65390.8780.88340.89291.03721.02771.14771.0118
TATA -0.329-0.3266-0.3078-0.1177-0.0298-0.00110.00730.03550.08550.1222
M-score -3.68-3.96-3.76-2.71-1.89-2.17-2.00-2.14-1.92-1.48

Netflix Inc Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
DSRI 1111111111
GMI 0.86270.90310.91790.94140.97310.98611.02971.04461.0371.0176
AQI 1.05591.02660.99981.01131.0131.07011.28121.29621.34231.2439
SGI 1.25351.25831.25691.24951.23981.23161.23361.24751.26951.3026
DEPI 1.26231.00320.40510.57720.67691.00274.98254.30114.7071.4144
SGAI 1.03021.07171.1351.23341.23111.14021.070.99380.97530.9781
LVGI 1.0241.02771.1191.13821.1381.14770.95660.9520.94911.0118
TATA 0.020.03550.04160.05980.07120.08550.08680.08940.10730.1222
M-score -2.19-2.14-2.23-2.14-2.06-1.92-1.28-1.30-1.13-1.48
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