Switch to:
Nielsen NV (NYSE:NLSN)
Beneish M-Score
-2.68 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Nielsen NV has a M-score of -2.68 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NLSN' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.68   Max: -2.42
Current: -2.68

-2.68
-2.42

During the past 7 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Nielsen NV was -2.42. The lowest was -2.68. And the median was -2.51.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Nielsen NV for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9244+0.528 * 0.994+0.404 * 0.9901+0.892 * 1.0654+0.115 * 0.9495
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9623+4.679 * -0.0339-0.327 * 1.0816
=-2.68

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,168 Mil.
Revenue was 1458 + 1633 + 1572 + 1594 = $6,257 Mil.
Gross Profit was 836 + 980 + 924 + 917 = $3,657 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,065 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,388 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $512 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $574 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,909 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,438 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,159 Mil.
Net Income was 63 + 161 + 91 + 74 = $389 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -26 + -39 + -51 + -51 = $-167 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 75 + 401 + 392 + 210 = $1,078 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,186 Mil.
Revenue was 1489 + 1611 + 1387 + 1386 = $5,873 Mil.
Gross Profit was 847 + 945 + 814 + 806 = $3,412 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,933 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,473 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $530 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $534 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,862 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,531 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,461 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1168 / 6257) / (1186 / 5873)
=0.18667093 / 0.20194109
=0.9244

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(980 / 5873) / (836 / 6257)
=0.58096373 / 0.5844654
=0.994

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2065 + 512) / 15388) / (1 - (1933 + 530) / 15473)
=0.83253184 / 0.84081949
=0.9901

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6257 / 5873
=1.0654

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(534 / (534 + 530)) / (574 / (574 + 512))
=0.5018797 / 0.52854512
=0.9495

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1909 / 6257) / (1862 / 5873)
=0.30509829 / 0.3170441
=0.9623

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((7159 + 1438) / 15388) / ((6461 + 1531) / 15473)
=0.55868209 / 0.51651263
=1.0816

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(389 - -167 - 1078) / 15388
=-0.0339

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Nielsen NV has a M-score of -2.68 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nielsen NV Annual Data

Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.05151.02160.9411
GMI 1.01211.01550.9935
AQI 1.00410.97621.0091
SGI 0.97741.05471.1026
DEPI 0.96550.9990.9303
SGAI 0.93420.99810.9579
LVGI 0.95480.94471.0397
TATA -0.0258-0.0082-0.035
M-score -2.54-2.43-2.62

Nielsen NV Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
DSRI 1.03981.03871.01621.03851.03311.02341.03660.92260.94110.9244
GMI 1.00861.01471.01851.01431.0191.00981.00861.00530.99350.994
AQI 1.00411.00780.93180.97440.97620.98791.06311.01551.00910.9901
SGI 0.98840.98010.99761.01561.0431.0771.10621.13251.10261.0654
DEPI 0.96550.94120.96221.01420.9990.97740.96870.91630.93030.9495
SGAI 0.92860.98390.9820.98461.00421.00050.99570.98710.95790.9623
LVGI 0.95480.92790.90610.94960.94470.98141.01060.99281.03971.0816
TATA -0.0258-0.0287-0.0118-0.0088-0.0082-0.0087-0.0285-0.0326-0.035-0.0339
M-score -2.55-2.57-2.51-2.45-2.43-2.43-2.46-2.58-2.62-2.68
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GuruFocus Premium Plus Membership

FEEDBACK