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Nielsen Holdings NV (NYSE:NLSN)
Beneish M-Score
-2.43 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Nielsen Holdings NV has a M-score of -2.43 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NLSN' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.61   Max: -2.43
Current: -2.43

-2.61
-2.43

During the past 6 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Nielsen Holdings NV was -2.43. The lowest was -2.61. And the median was -2.55.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Nielsen Holdings NV for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0229+0.528 * 1.016+0.404 * 0.9762+0.892 * 1.0534+0.115 * 0.999
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9992+4.679 * -0.0082-0.327 * 0.9447
=-2.43

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,196 Mil.
Revenue was 1611 + 1387 + 1386 + 1376 = $5,760 Mil.
Gross Profit was 945 + 814 + 806 + 783 = $3,348 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,134 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,530 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $560 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $521 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,824 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,535 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,492 Mil.
Net Income was 145 + 134 + 426 + 35 = $740 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -11 + 5 + -4 + -24 = $-34 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 320 + 321 + 206 + 54 = $901 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,110 Mil.
Revenue was 1441 + 1351 + 1342 + 1334 = $5,468 Mil.
Gross Profit was 865 + 801 + 793 + 770 = $3,229 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,676 Mil.
Total Assets was $14,585 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $560 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $520 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,733 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,751 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,229 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1196 / 5760) / (1110 / 5468)
=0.20763889 / 0.20299927
=1.0229

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(814 / 5468) / (945 / 5760)
=0.5905267 / 0.58125
=1.016

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2134 + 560) / 15530) / (1 - (1676 + 560) / 14585)
=0.8265293 / 0.84669181
=0.9762

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5760 / 5468
=1.0534

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(520 / (520 + 560)) / (521 / (521 + 560))
=0.48148148 / 0.48196115
=0.999

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1824 / 5760) / (1733 / 5468)
=0.31666667 / 0.31693489
=0.9992

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((6492 + 1535) / 15530) / ((6229 + 1751) / 14585)
=0.51687057 / 0.54713747
=0.9447

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(740 - -34 - 901) / 15530
=-0.0082

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Nielsen Holdings NV has a M-score of -2.43 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nielsen Holdings NV Annual Data

Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.05151.0216
GMI 1.01211.0155
AQI 1.00410.9762
SGI 0.97741.0547
DEPI 0.96550.999
SGAI 0.93420.9981
LVGI 0.95480.9447
TATA -0.0258-0.0082
M-score -2.54-2.43

Nielsen Holdings NV Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
DSRI 0.99690.93221.03211.03981.0281.00571.02791.0229
GMI 0.9870.99041.00241.00861.01171.01541.01131.016
AQI 0.99591.00571.00151.00411.00780.93180.97440.9762
SGI 1.06351.02840.99380.98840.99031.0081.02611.0534
DEPI 1.05161.01471.01180.96550.94120.96221.01420.999
SGAI 0.94090.93750.92980.92860.97880.97690.97960.9992
LVGI 0.96430.96310.94870.95480.92790.90610.94960.9447
TATA -0.0268-0.0246-0.0288-0.0258-0.0287-0.0118-0.0088-0.0082
M-score -2.53-2.61-2.56-2.55-2.57-2.51-2.45-2.43
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