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Insight Enterprises Inc (NAS:NSIT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.58 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Insight Enterprises Inc has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NSIT' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.76   Max: 64.29
Current: -2.58

-4.76
64.29

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Insight Enterprises Inc was 64.29. The lowest was -4.76. And the median was -2.33.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Insight Enterprises Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9951+0.528 * 0.9944+0.404 * 0.8428+0.892 * 1.0102+0.115 * 0.8917
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0051+4.679 * -0.0074-0.327 * 0.9688
=-2.58

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,326 Mil.
Revenue was 1417.897 + 1214.53 + 1395.158 + 1151.02 = $5,179 Mil.
Gross Profit was 194.599 + 163.745 + 181.155 + 168.668 = $708 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,731 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,977 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $117 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $41 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $571 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,192 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $27 Mil.
Net Income was 27.249 + 11.55 + 20.407 + 15.025 = $74 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.904 + -0.745 + -0.777 + -0.838 = $-3 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 37.682 + 66.033 + 9.49 + -21.174 = $92 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,319 Mil.
Revenue was 1416.547 + 1181.622 + 1346.675 + 1181.409 = $5,126 Mil.
Gross Profit was 190.927 + 158.137 + 180.393 + 167.625 = $697 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,679 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,967 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $137 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $42 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $562 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,199 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $53 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1325.866 / 5178.605) / (1318.967 / 5126.253)
=0.25602764 / 0.25729651
=0.9951

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(163.745 / 5126.253) / (194.599 / 5178.605)
=0.13598275 / 0.1367486
=0.9944

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1731.243 + 117.386) / 1976.575) / (1 - (1679.143 + 136.992) / 1967.235)
=0.06473116 / 0.07680831
=0.8428

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5178.605 / 5126.253
=1.0102

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(41.55 / (41.55 + 136.992)) / (41.455 / (41.455 + 117.386))
=0.23271835 / 0.26098425
=0.8917

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(571.003 / 5178.605) / (562.357 / 5126.253)
=0.11026193 / 0.10970137
=1.0051

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((27.191 + 1191.879) / 1976.575) / ((53 + 1199.389) / 1967.235)
=0.61675879 / 0.63662399
=0.9688

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(74.231 - -3.264 - 92.031) / 1976.575
=-0.0074

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Insight Enterprises Inc has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Insight Enterprises Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.19520.9541.83470.8070.92351.170.97820.96761.13190.9453
GMI 1.00760.99230.89810.95111.00141.00051.02331.00150.9880.9992
AQI 0.76840.96582.38990.94220.58320.96750.79371.02170.80120.9606
SGI 1.04251.05821.12861.3361.00520.85731.16271.09921.00270.9704
DEPI 1.56381.3020.66810.82850.86160.9651.01580.97360.97610.9357
SGAI 0.96180.95981.14971.07881.05011.04220.88910.97571.01261.03
LVGI 0.82891.01571.61860.95521.28920.96180.98260.96730.95640.9499
TATA 0.07320.0450.0016-0.0128-0.2306-0.0551-0.0115-0.00810.0121-0.0018
M-score -1.88-2.24-1.35-2.49-3.91-2.72-2.45-2.44-2.38-2.58

Insight Enterprises Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 1.01791.04371.04081.13191.00381.02011.0830.94531.00490.9951
GMI 0.9841.00430.98750.9880.99970.97770.98640.99920.99240.9944
AQI 1.00180.96940.9790.80120.90490.89590.87480.96060.81150.8428
SGI 1.06331.03361.00931.00270.98630.95430.95870.97040.98821.0102
DEPI 0.98010.97560.99170.97610.95090.94820.93450.93570.93980.8917
SGAI 0.99460.98370.99941.01261.01711.05571.05551.031.01831.0051
LVGI 0.95950.97730.90380.95640.91640.96970.98650.94991.02810.9688
TATA 0.0519-0.0138-0.01970.0121-0.0103-0.0339-0.0191-0.0018-0.0287-0.0074
M-score -2.16-2.48-2.51-2.38-2.56-2.72-2.60-2.58-2.72-2.58
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