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Eversource Energy (NYSE:NU)
Beneish M-Score
-2.69 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Eversource Energy has a M-score of -2.69 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

NU' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -2.86   Max: -1.69
Current: -2.69

-2.86
-1.69

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Eversource Energy was -1.69. The lowest was -2.86. And the median was -2.55.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Eversource Energy for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0946+0.528 * 0.9048+0.404 * 0.9184+0.892 * 0.9274+0.115 * 0.9984
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.1502+4.679 * -0.0277-0.327 * 0.9789
=-2.69

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,156 Mil.
Revenue was 2039.706 + 1767.184 + 2055.635 + 1691.23 = $7,554 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1373.896 + 1185.924 + 1300.776 + 1154.132 = $5,015 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,415 Mil.
Total Assets was $31,082 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $20,808 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $702 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $406 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,642 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $9,235 Mil.
Net Income was 265.319 + 203.649 + 244.153 + 181.805 = $895 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 13.641 + 8.038 + 2.011 + 10.361 = $34 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 671.93 + 478.474 + 499.964 + 72.708 = $1,723 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,138 Mil.
Revenue was 1933.105 + 1817.061 + 2513.431 + 1881.12 = $8,145 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1230.465 + 1131.943 + 1351.382 + 1178.563 = $4,892 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,368 Mil.
Total Assets was $30,046 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $19,406 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $654 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $381 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,972 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $8,757 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1155.555 / 7553.755) / (1138.231 / 8144.717)
=0.15297756 / 0.13975083
=1.0946

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(4892.353 / 8144.717) / (5014.728 / 7553.755)
=0.60067808 / 0.66387221
=0.9048

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2414.652 + 20807.943) / 31082.337) / (1 - (2367.688 + 19406.025) / 30046.026)
=0.25286844 / 0.27532137
=0.9184

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=7553.755 / 8144.717
=0.9274

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(653.822 / (653.822 + 19406.025)) / (702.248 / (702.248 + 20807.943))
=0.03259357 / 0.03264722
=0.9984

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(405.963 / 7553.755) / (380.56 / 8144.717)
=0.0537432 / 0.04672477
=1.1502

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((9235.128 + 2642.028) / 31082.337) / ((8757.498 + 2971.693) / 30046.026)
=0.38211914 / 0.39037412
=0.9789

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(894.926 - 34.051 - 1723.076) / 31082.337
=-0.0277

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Eversource Energy has a M-score of -2.69 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Eversource Energy Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 1.08281.3162
GMI 0.94161.0824
AQI 1.34710.9655
SGI 1.40491.0604
DEPI 1.20181.0524
SGAI 00
LVGI 0.92040.9896
TATA -0.0231-0.0283
M-score -1.82-2.06

Eversource Energy Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
DSRI 1.17791.15431.03660.88880.81970.98851.0946
GMI 1.09911.09421.09510.99640.92990.91260.9048
AQI 0.97671.0031.01020.93410.93750.92910.9184
SGI 1.04841.0611.06631.02750.94130.91890.9274
DEPI 1.02540.99510.98160.98520.99230.99460.9984
SGAI 2.52841.43270.99081.02821.07141.15281.1502
LVGI 0.98920.97920.98440.98020.97730.98520.9789
TATA -0.0275-0.0242-0.0231-0.019-0.0193-0.0226-0.0277
M-score -2.62-2.41-2.44-2.68-2.86-2.77-2.69
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