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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Newell Rubbermaid Inc has a M-score of -2.52 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Newell Rubbermaid Inc was -1.27. The lowest was -3.42. And the median was -2.66.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Newell Rubbermaid Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9929||+||0.528 * 0.9975||+||0.404 * 1.0131||+||0.892 * 1.0197||+||0.115 * 1.0516|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0102||+||4.679 * -0.0132||-||0.327 * 1.0004|
|This Year (Jun14) TTM:||Last Year (Jun13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $1,230 Mil.|
Revenue was 1521 + 1232.2 + 1489.8 + 1487.2 = $5,730 Mil.
Gross Profit was 608.4 + 469.3 + 557 + 564.9 = $2,200 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,459 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,218 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $543 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $155 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,475 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,986 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,424 Mil.
Net Income was 150.6 + 52.9 + 117.3 + 193.3 = $514 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2.6 + -40 + -36.4 + 0.7 = $-73 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 96.2 + -92.1 + 304.2 + 360.8 = $669 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $1,215 Mil.
Revenue was 1474.7 + 1240.8 + 1447.2 + 1456.9 = $5,620 Mil.
Gross Profit was 582.7 + 473.6 + 536.4 + 559 = $2,152 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,600 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,403 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $533 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $163 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,432 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,841 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,669 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(1230.4 / 5730.2)||/||(1215.3 / 5619.6)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(469.3 / 5619.6)||/||(608.4 / 5730.2)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (2458.6 + 543) / 6218.1)||/||(1 - (2600.2 + 533.4) / 6402.9)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(162.5 / (162.5 + 533.4))||/||(155 / (155 + 543))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(1475 / 5730.2)||/||(1431.9 / 5619.6)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((1424.2 + 1986.4) / 6218.1)||/||((1669 + 1841.4) / 6402.9)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(514.1 - -73.1||-||669.1)||/||6218.1|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Newell Rubbermaid Inc has a M-score of -2.52 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Newell Rubbermaid Inc Annual Data
Newell Rubbermaid Inc Quarterly Data