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Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc (NAS:NXST)
Beneish M-Score
-2.12 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc has a M-score of -2.12 signals that the company is a manipulator.

NXST' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.63   Max: -1.32
Current: -2.12

-3.63
-1.32

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc was -1.32. The lowest was -3.63. And the median was -2.80.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1307+0.528 * 1.0212+0.404 * 1.0803+0.892 * 1.4233+0.115 * 0.9909
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.88+4.679 * -0.0502-0.327 * 0.8857
=-2.12

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $172.0 Mil.
Revenue was 221.322 + 203.391 + 192.804 + 157.744 = $775.3 Mil.
Gross Profit was 146.311 + 133.706 + 140.873 + 109.349 = $530.2 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $266.9 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,865.7 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $276.2 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $94.4 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $203.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $123.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,481.9 Mil.
Net Income was 20.321 + 12.907 + 30.849 + 15.404 = $79.5 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.15 + -0.118 + -0.129 + -0.172 = $-0.6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 30.967 + 49.626 + 45.885 + 47.222 = $173.7 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $106.9 Mil.
Revenue was 146.93 + 133.833 + 138.122 + 125.792 = $544.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 101.673 + 91.984 + 98.246 + 88.522 = $380.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $189.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,189.1 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $219.2 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $74.0 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $162.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $73.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,081.8 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(171.958 / 775.261) / (106.851 / 544.677)
=0.22180659 / 0.19617314
=1.1307

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(133.706 / 544.677) / (146.311 / 775.261)
=0.69844146 / 0.68394902
=1.0212

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (266.911 + 276.191) / 1865.703) / (1 - (189.64 + 219.155) / 1189.052)
=0.70890222 / 0.65620091
=1.0803

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=775.261 / 544.677
=1.4233

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(73.96 / (73.96 + 219.155)) / (94.361 / (94.361 + 276.191))
=0.25232417 / 0.25464982
=0.9909

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(203.801 / 775.261) / (162.704 / 544.677)
=0.2628805 / 0.29871649
=0.88

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1481.859 + 123.349) / 1865.703) / ((1081.805 + 73.2) / 1189.052)
=0.86037703 / 0.97136626
=0.8857

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(79.481 - -0.569 - 173.7) / 1865.703
=-0.0502

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc has a M-score of -2.12 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.0520.89731.13330.89991.33630.81231.14760.84671.10640.9298
GMI 1.04640.96421.01150.99581.04580.92461.02250.96821.07321.004
AQI 1.00080.9940.96940.90220.95320.96321.00841.06211.01240.9619
SGI 0.91751.15831.00621.06790.88441.24360.97811.23541.32671.2568
DEPI 1.03431.09450.95191.2851.03371.1721.00241.19790.77621.1315
SGAI 1.07940.97071.01111.05361.0390.90431.06570.90470.96790.9215
LVGI 1.090.99351.01951.12561.01740.99681.00230.81881.02160.9133
TATA -0.0683-0.0867-0.0829-0.226-0.0874-0.0875-0.08790.11190.0061-0.0693
M-score -2.84-2.84-2.76-3.63-2.69-2.86-2.77-1.78-2.05-2.60

Nexstar Broadcasting Group Inc Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
DSRI 1.13241.17751.09831.10640.87640.83560.88980.92981.17791.1307
GMI 0.9871.0081.0361.07321.05961.05061.03721.0041.01511.0212
AQI 1.11441.09761.12071.01240.9691.0060.93480.96191.09791.0803
SGI 1.27171.33281.37781.32671.28671.22531.20041.25681.33761.4233
DEPI 1.32591.23871.20660.77620.73070.84960.89061.13151.1510.9909
SGAI 0.9230.93470.96080.96780.96570.97380.96010.92150.91270.88
LVGI 0.82740.83630.86611.02161.01661.0020.98910.91330.88750.8857
TATA 0.11260.12090.10520.0061-0.0156-0.0363-0.0389-0.0693-0.0529-0.0502
M-score -1.44-1.32-1.42-2.05-2.42-2.58-2.59-2.60-2.15-2.12
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