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OAO Gazprom (OTCPK:OGZPY)
Beneish M-Score
0.00 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

OAO Gazprom has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

OGZPY' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.72   Max: -2.4
Current: 0

-3.72
-2.4

During the past 8 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of OAO Gazprom was -2.40. The lowest was -3.72. And the median was -2.61.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of OAO Gazprom for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1+0.528 * 0.8659+0.404 * 0.9008+0.892 * 1.069+0.115 * 0.9963
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.7177+4.679 * -0.061-0.327 * 1.0428
=-2.78

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 42253.6459745 + 40046.0016265 + 32652.3719165 + 29999.4849553 = $144,952 Mil.
Gross Profit was 34070.9948496 + 39030.0352399 + 22477.0940634 + 37321.6318786 = $132,900 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $82,207 Mil.
Total Assets was $372,387 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $246,089 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $11,491 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $6,384 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32,542 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $45,026 Mil.
Net Income was 6045.18839794 + 7603.36134454 + 7484.14204391 + 5476.22661968 = $26,609 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -4094.30740038 + -331.986988344 + 733.99295202 + 1019.13797777 = $-2,673 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 18661.4800759 + 12201.0029818 + 21141.0951477 + 0 = $52,004 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 39616.1832475 + 38322.2282461 + 30405.4215234 + 27256.3838439 = $135,600 Mil.
Gross Profit was 32294.0363242 + 35258.5524532 + 20166.5763079 + 19931.1195446 = $107,650 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $70,232 Mil.
Total Assets was $331,116 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $217,361 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $10,110 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $8,322 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32,275 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $33,863 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0 / 144951.504473) / (0 / 135600.216861)
=0 / 0
=1

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(39030.0352399 / 135600.216861) / (34070.9948496 / 144951.504473)
=0.79387989 / 0.91685669
=0.8659

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (82207.1021957 + 246089.373814) / 372386.608837) / (1 - (70232.4207102 + 217360.612632) / 331115.69531)
=0.11839881 / 0.13144246
=0.9008

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=144951.504473 / 135600.216861
=1.069

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(10109.9484955 / (10109.9484955 + 217360.612632)) / (11490.7563025 / (11490.7563025 + 246089.373814))
=0.04444509 / 0.04461041
=0.9963

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(6384.49444294 / 144951.504473) / (8322.06560043 / 135600.216861)
=0.04404573 / 0.06137207
=0.7177

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((45026.0775278 + 32541.7186229) / 372386.608837) / ((33862.5643806 + 32275.142315) / 331115.69531)
=0.2082991 / 0.19974199
=1.0428

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(26608.9184061 - -2673.16345893 - 52003.5782055) / 372386.608837
=-0.061

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

OAO Gazprom has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

OAO Gazprom Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1111
GMI 11.29581.01360.9695
AQI 0.95760.87340.7450.916
SGI 1.20261.28911.02791.1014
DEPI 1.01711.08050.94410.9308
SGAI 0.95496.97661.12120.8252
LVGI 0.86480.98490.98050.9537
TATA -0.0682-0.0336-0.039-0.0385
M-score -2.58-3.29-2.75-2.58

OAO Gazprom Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
DSRI 111
GMI 0.82460.8520.8659
AQI 0.77630.9160.9008
SGI 1.10521.10151.069
DEPI 0.93730.93080.9963
SGAI 0.90550.54060.7177
LVGI 0.88860.95371.0428
TATA -0.0464-0.0474-0.061
M-score -2.74-2.64-2.78
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