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PetSmart Inc (NAS:PETM)
Beneish M-Score
-2.80 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

PetSmart Inc has a M-score of -2.80 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

PETM' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.82   Max: -1.66
Current: -2.8

-3.82
-1.66

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of PetSmart Inc was -1.66. The lowest was -3.82. And the median was -2.78.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of PetSmart Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9812+0.528 * 1.0033+0.404 * 1.0541+0.892 * 1.0141+0.115 * 0.9914
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9788+4.679 * -0.0735-0.327 * 1.0059
=-2.80

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr14) TTM:Last Year (Apr13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $66 Mil.
Revenue was 1729.132 + 1804.866 + 1695.168 + 1705.997 = $6,935 Mil.
Gross Profit was 530.838 + 565.998 + 504.973 + 515.22 = $2,117 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,313 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,497 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $949 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $234 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,419 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $800 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $451 Mil.
Net Income was 103.766 + 131.516 + 92.221 + 93.368 = $421 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 136.506 + 273.907 + 107.238 + 86.789 = $604 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $66 Mil.
Revenue was 1710.596 + 1879.166 + 1629.511 + 1619.667 = $6,839 Mil.
Gross Profit was 529.746 + 593.438 + 482.512 + 488.815 = $2,095 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,280 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,474 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $973 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $238 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,430 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $770 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $462 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(65.944 / 6935.163) / (66.272 / 6838.94)
=0.00950864 / 0.00969039
=0.9812

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(565.998 / 6838.94) / (530.838 / 6935.163)
=0.30626252 / 0.30526016
=1.0033

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1312.666 + 949.167) / 2497.055) / (1 - (1280.409 + 972.679) / 2474.184)
=0.09419977 / 0.08936118
=1.0541

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6935.163 / 6838.94
=1.0141

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(237.613 / (237.613 + 972.679)) / (234.369 / (234.369 + 949.167))
=0.196327 / 0.19802439
=0.9914

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1419.471 / 6935.163) / (1430.127 / 6838.94)
=0.20467738 / 0.2091153
=0.9788

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((450.538 + 800.213) / 2497.055) / ((462.436 + 769.57) / 2474.184)
=0.50089045 / 0.49794437
=1.0059

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(420.871 - 0 - 604.44) / 2497.055
=-0.0735

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

PetSmart Inc has a M-score of -2.80 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

PetSmart Inc Annual Data

Jan05Jan06Jan07Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14
DSRI 1.4531.21690.87951.22350.90881.01990.96840.93011.21170.9837
GMI 0.98680.9841.01261.00451.04151.0370.97970.98450.96730.9974
AQI 0.99161.10240.97471.10650.79951.02631.10140.96781.10141.0774
SGI 1.12261.1181.12591.10361.0841.05351.0671.07371.10551.0234
DEPI 1.02740.9911.0610.96060.93220.89610.95380.94880.93310.9831
SGAI 1.00881.02561.01260.99740.95670.96990.99890.98870.98080.9852
LVGI 0.97891.21551.05851.06220.8911.01970.99351.05181.03061.0278
TATA -0.0573-0.0739-0.0353-0.0789-0.0978-0.1497-0.0882-0.1121-0.1039-0.0776
M-score -2.22-2.56-2.66-2.53-2.97-3.10-2.83-3.05-2.67-2.82

PetSmart Inc Quarterly Data

Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14Jul14
DSRI 1.00550.81190.69741.21171.05661.13070.98390.98370.98121.1438
GMI 0.98220.98270.97920.96730.97150.97790.98420.99741.00331.0068
AQI 0.93350.95020.98861.10141.13511.09381.12631.07741.05411.0458
SGI 1.08011.08481.0871.10551.09371.08461.07271.02341.01411.0049
DEPI 0.94970.95750.94360.93310.94740.95010.97720.98310.99141.2826
SGAI 0.98540.98280.97580.98080.98710.98030.98590.98520.97880.9791
LVGI 1.07911.0621.01521.03061.04821.01850.98471.02781.00591.0042
TATA -0.1275-0.1159-0.107-0.1039-0.1024-0.0869-0.0715-0.0776-0.0735-0.0359
M-score -3.07-3.17-3.20-2.67-2.80-2.67-2.72-2.82-2.80-2.45
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