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Pool Corp (NAS:POOL)
Beneish M-Score
-2.46 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Pool Corp has a M-score of -2.46 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

POOL' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.32   Max: 0.35
Current: -2.46

-3.32
0.35

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Pool Corp was 0.35. The lowest was -3.32. And the median was -2.40.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Pool Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1214+0.528 * 0.9991+0.404 * 0.9205+0.892 * 1.0599+0.115 * 1.0724
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9548+4.679 * -0.0232-0.327 * 1.0625
=-2.46

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $284 Mil.
Revenue was 515.25 + 415.075 + 645.779 + 851.855 = $2,428 Mil.
Gross Profit was 143.023 + 118.295 + 184.288 + 248.26 = $694 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $908 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,193 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $78 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $18 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $464 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $494 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $444 Mil.
Net Income was 16.371 + 2.486 + 39.447 + 77.924 = $136 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -39.753 + 68.067 + 134.629 + 1.007 = $164 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $239 Mil.
Revenue was 450.43 + 376.442 + 615.536 + 848.24 = $2,291 Mil.
Gross Profit was 124.801 + 106.02 + 176.244 + 246.976 = $654 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $817 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,084 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $63 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $16 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $458 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $408 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $395 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(283.758 / 2427.959) / (238.727 / 2290.648)
=0.116871 / 0.10421811
=1.1214

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(118.295 / 2290.648) / (143.023 / 2427.959)
=0.28552663 / 0.2857816
=0.9991

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (907.674 + 78.21) / 1193.241) / (1 - (817.192 + 62.509) / 1084.414)
=0.17377629 / 0.18877753
=0.9205

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2427.959 / 2290.648
=1.0599

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(16.109 / (16.109 + 62.509)) / (18.474 / (18.474 + 78.21))
=0.20490219 / 0.19107608
=1.0724

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(463.713 / 2427.959) / (458.218 / 2290.648)
=0.19098881 / 0.20003859
=0.9548

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((444.461 + 494.071) / 1193.241) / ((394.559 + 408.183) / 1084.414)
=0.78654019 / 0.74025418
=1.0625

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(136.228 - 0 - 163.95) / 1193.241
=-0.0232

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Pool Corp has a M-score of -2.46 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Pool Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 0.29310.87682.76110.96581.00550.96410.96050.11681.14870.9657
GMI 0.98511.02740.95270.9891.00010.98521.02081.02140.99281.0016
AQI 1.0230.97251.0431.02231.02420.90380.8910.96130.9490.9788
SGI 1.231.00970.9250.86331.0481.11131.08961.06431.08021.0519
DEPI 0.99830.95591.00261.0770.99631.25690.99030.99320.99361.1013
SGAI 1.03671.0551.0891.04690.97720.98860.93830.96260.98810.961
LVGI 1.03461.1540.9480.91550.90721.06331.02471.00981.10490.9877
TATA 0.0336-0.0028-0.0437-0.1266-0.0499-0.0039-0.0475-0.0094-0.0125-0.019
M-score -2.78-2.66-1.14-3.19-2.62-2.47-2.69-3.28-2.39-2.54

Pool Corp Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
DSRI 0.11681.03991.00121.05961.14871.04450.98451.0090.96571.1214
GMI 1.02141.01891.00820.99760.99280.99430.99771.00341.00160.9991
AQI 0.96130.9690.96860.95070.9490.97120.96960.9640.97880.9205
SGI 1.06431.07811.08921.08071.08021.08271.05551.05141.05191.0599
DEPI 0.99321.00430.99650.99260.99361.04071.0521.07131.10131.0724
SGAI 0.96260.9690.97310.98640.98810.97650.97130.95860.9610.9548
LVGI 1.00981.05091.13981.21161.10491.03841.02370.99460.98771.0625
TATA -0.0184-0.01680.01030.0099-0.01250.01240.0026-0.0414-0.019-0.0232
M-score -3.32-2.47-2.40-2.40-2.39-2.33-2.44-2.62-2.54-2.46
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