PRXL has been removed from your Stock Email Alerts list.
Please enter Portfolio Name for new portfolio.
The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Parexel International Corp was -0.70. The lowest was -3.49. And the median was -2.58.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Parexel International Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.2809||+||0.528 * 0.9534||+||0.404 * 1.0918||+||0.892 * 1.023||+||0.115 * 0.9437|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0291||+||4.679 * -0.0519||-||0.327 * 1.0787|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.
|This Year (Dec16) TTM:||Last Year (Dec15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $641 Mil.|
Revenue was 612.2 + 576.5 + 625.5 + 611.4 = $2,426 Mil.
Gross Profit was 183.5 + 169 + 189.8 + 189.3 = $732 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,274 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,246 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $252 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $101 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $381 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $801 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $757 Mil.
Net Income was 21.8 + 37.8 + 42.7 + 47.9 = $150 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -17.7 + -0.8 + -1.6 + -0.3 = $-20 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 46.1 + 65.4 + 131.2 + 44.4 = $287 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $489 Mil.
Revenue was 604.2 + 585.2 + 605.2 + 576.4 = $2,371 Mil.
Gross Profit was 186 + 168.9 + 162.9 + 164 = $682 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,056 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,846 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $248 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $91 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $362 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $729 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $458 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(640.5 / 2425.6)||/||(488.8 / 2371)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(681.8 / 2371)||/||(731.6 / 2425.6)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1274.1 + 252.4) / 2246.4)||/||(1 - (1055.6 + 248.2) / 1845.5)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(91.4 / (91.4 + 248.2))||/||(100.7 / (100.7 + 252.4))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(380.8 / 2425.6)||/||(361.7 / 2371)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((756.9 + 801.3) / 2246.4)||/||((457.9 + 728.8) / 1845.5)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(150.2 - -20.4||-||287.1)||/||2246.4|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Parexel International Corp has a M-score of -2.47 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Parexel International Corp Annual Data
Parexel International Corp Quarterly Data