Switch to:
Ryder System Inc (NYSE:R)
Beneish M-Score
-2.92 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Ryder System Inc has a M-score of -2.92 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

R' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.75   Max: 3.4
Current: -2.92

-3.75
3.4

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ryder System Inc was 3.40. The lowest was -3.75. And the median was -3.03.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Ryder System Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0346+0.528 * 0.9865+0.404 * 0.9324+0.892 * 1.0354+0.115 * 1.0797
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0045+4.679 * -0.0992-0.327 * 1.0337
=-2.92

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $827 Mil.
Revenue was 1684.571 + 1610.737 + 1617.729 + 1634.54 = $6,548 Mil.
Gross Profit was 347.591 + 304.26 + 344.802 + 347.078 = $1,344 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,137 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,688 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,618 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,052 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $797 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,517 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,159 Mil.
Net Income was 75.358 + 48.232 + 64.607 + 71.067 = $259 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -4.828 + 5.382 + 27.732 + -3.745 = $25 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 298.84 + 237.66 + 337.41 + 321.895 = $1,196 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $772 Mil.
Revenue was 1603.999 + 1563.017 + 1583.536 + 1573.295 = $6,324 Mil.
Gross Profit was 332.4 + 296.058 + 324.914 + 326.871 = $1,280 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,062 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,560 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $6,615 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $997 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $766 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,197 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,656 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(827.274 / 6547.577) / (772.262 / 6323.847)
=0.12634811 / 0.12211902
=1.0346

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(304.26 / 6323.847) / (347.591 / 6547.577)
=0.20244687 / 0.20522569
=0.9865

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1137.47 + 7618.179) / 9687.667) / (1 - (1062.335 + 6614.735) / 8560.347)
=0.09620665 / 0.10318238
=0.9324

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6547.577 / 6323.847
=1.0354

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(997.2 / (997.2 + 6614.735)) / (1051.986 / (1051.986 + 7618.179))
=0.1310048 / 0.12133402
=1.0797

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(797.158 / 6547.577) / (766.496 / 6323.847)
=0.12174855 / 0.12120723
=1.0045

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((4159.472 + 1516.68) / 9687.667) / ((3655.71 + 1196.626) / 8560.347)
=0.58591527 / 0.5668387
=1.0337

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(259.264 - 24.541 - 1195.805) / 9687.667
=-0.0992

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Ryder System Inc has a M-score of -2.92 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Ryder System Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.00480.91720.82431.15660.97751.04170.99410.9767
GMI 001.16840.98172.4151.01271.02680.9723
AQI 0.92521.09191.03711.13241.17610.91030.96220.9314
SGI 1.11471.04110.91370.81471.0511.1781.03411.0259
DEPI 0.98630.90980.99520.87341.06171.11141.0321.0776
SGAI 0.91831.65660.64761.1150.48140.9990.96131.0052
LVGI 1.04810.94871.02950.92741.04461.08111.01070.998
TATA -0.09-0.1239-0.1344-0.1433-0.1354-0.1144-0.1115-0.11
M-score -3.36-3.70-3.19-3.14-2.19-2.86-2.97-3.03

Ryder System Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 1.00730.9450.96840.99410.96210.95590.99060.97671.03131.0346
GMI 0.70870.44130.18711.02681.01761.00130.99180.9740.97880.9865
AQI 0.86420.90290.89960.96220.98830.95760.95780.93140.93550.9324
SGI 1.15341.11541.06731.03411.01981.0181.02741.02591.02921.0354
DEPI 1.11891.03351.04841.0320.98131.02361.04231.07761.08791.0797
SGAI 1.31281.7272.45610.96130.94060.95640.98231.00321.01121.0045
LVGI 1.09781.04861.0491.01070.97160.97360.97350.9981.01741.0337
TATA -0.1014-0.1048-0.0983-0.1113-0.1177-0.1165-0.1167-0.111-0.1058-0.0992
M-score -3.09-3.39-3.64-2.97-3.03-3.05-3.02-3.03-2.95-2.92
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)
Free 7-day Trial
FEEDBACK