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Rackspace Hosting Inc (NYSE:RAX)
Beneish M-Score
-3.45 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Rackspace Hosting Inc has a M-score of -3.45 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

RAX' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.64   Max: -2.45
Current: -3.45

-3.64
-2.45

During the past 10 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Rackspace Hosting Inc was -2.45. The lowest was -3.64. And the median was -3.27.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Rackspace Hosting Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.054+0.528 * 1.0151+0.404 * 0.8547+0.892 * 1.1632+0.115 * 0.9711
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0349+4.679 * -0.247-0.327 * 0.8482
=-3.45

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $119 Mil.
Revenue was 421.047 + 408.103 + 388.636 + 375.847 = $1,594 Mil.
Gross Profit was 280.63 + 274.282 + 261.232 + 258.189 = $1,074 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $483 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,567 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $925 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $331 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $514 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $279 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $38 Mil.
Net Income was 25.446 + 20.798 + 16.311 + 22.367 = $85 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 141.659 + 109.518 + 114.55 + 106.199 = $472 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $97 Mil.
Revenue was 362.2 + 352.909 + 335.985 + 318.99 = $1,370 Mil.
Gross Profit was 248.59 + 243.897 + 228.637 + 216.418 = $938 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $418 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,348 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $771 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $265 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $427 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $273 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $48 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(118.507 / 1593.633) / (96.666 / 1370.084)
=0.07436279 / 0.0705548
=1.054

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(274.282 / 1370.084) / (280.63 / 1593.633)
=0.68429527 / 0.67414078
=1.0151

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (483.386 + 925.136) / 1566.949) / (1 - (418.146 + 770.694) / 1348.35)
=0.1011054 / 0.11830014
=0.8547

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1593.633 / 1370.084
=1.1632

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(264.805 / (264.805 + 770.694)) / (330.701 / (330.701 + 925.136))
=0.25572695 / 0.26333115
=0.9711

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(513.595 / 1593.633) / (426.645 / 1370.084)
=0.32227935 / 0.31140061
=1.0349

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((37.58 + 279.323) / 1566.949) / ((48.458 + 273.03) / 1348.35)
=0.20224206 / 0.23843067
=0.8482

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(84.922 - 0 - 471.926) / 1566.949
=-0.247

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Rackspace Hosting Inc has a M-score of -3.45 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Rackspace Hosting Inc Annual Data

Dec03Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.15660.90420.90851.00361.05791.1385
GMI 0.99680.99271.00090.97351.02721.0012
AQI 0.81441.46791.61421.24380.84890.9684
SGI 1.46941.18251.2411.31331.27721.1723
DEPI 0.99890.88880.9371.00820.92650.9857
SGAI 0.99470.91420.96091.02420.81021.0503
LVGI 0.88990.72430.82970.88730.81230.7753
TATA -0.1676-0.2492-0.2543-0.2416-0.227-0.2395
M-score -2.74-3.29-3.24-3.21-3.20-3.27

Rackspace Hosting Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
DSRI 1.00361.02610.99231.19151.05791.00340.98621.00911.13851.054
GMI 0.97350.99121.00931.01551.02721.00890.99810.99881.00121.0151
AQI 1.24381.24131.22560.8950.84890.94720.98280.95860.96840.8547
SGI 1.31331.31821.31011.29591.27721.24961.22151.19361.17231.1632
DEPI 1.00820.98550.9310.90580.92650.93190.95810.97520.98570.9711
SGAI 1.02420.95230.88120.82940.79840.85250.92290.99161.05831.0349
LVGI 0.88730.84850.81480.87250.81230.82610.7510.7580.77530.8482
TATA -0.2416-0.2067-0.2232-0.2241-0.227-0.244-0.2417-0.2476-0.2395-0.247
M-score -3.21-2.99-3.09-3.06-3.20-3.34-3.34-3.40-3.27-3.45
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