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Resource America, Inc. (NAS:REXI)
Beneish M-Score
-2.41 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Resource America, Inc. has a M-score of -2.41 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

REXI' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.39   Max: 3.81
Current: -2.41

-4.39
3.81

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Resource America, Inc. was 3.81. The lowest was -4.39. And the median was -2.23.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Resource America, Inc. for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1169+0.528 * 1.08+0.404 * 0.9818+0.892 * 0.7931+0.115 * 2.2191
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0925+4.679 * -0.0116-0.327 * 0.8693
=-2.41

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep13) TTM:Last Year (Sep12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $33.6 Mil.
Revenue was 43.025 + 33.485 + 43.327 + 15.705 = $135.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 28.225 + 23.114 + 31.314 + 6.739 = $89.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $257.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,443.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5.0 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2.0 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $9.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $30.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,442.8 Mil.
Net Income was 3.442 + 1.113 + 0.496 + -1.447 = $3.6 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 16.897 + 0.114 + -0.259 + -0.108 = $16.6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 56.783 + -83.193 + 45.146 + -3.38 = $15.4 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $38.0 Mil.
Revenue was 123.672 + 13.784 + 14.78 + 18.664 = $170.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 111.976 + 3.286 + 2.764 + 3.705 = $121.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $237.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,644.3 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $10.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $27.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,806.9 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(33.636 / 135.542) / (37.972 / 170.9)
=0.24815924 / 0.22218841
=1.1169

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(23.114 / 170.9) / (28.225 / 135.542)
=0.71229374 / 0.65951513
=1.08

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (257.291 + 4.955) / 2443.511) / (1 - (237.397 + 2.732) / 2644.263)
=0.89267656 / 0.90918869
=0.9818

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=135.542 / 170.9
=0.7931

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(4.875 / (4.875 + 2.732)) / (2.012 / (2.012 + 4.955))
=0.64085711 / 0.28879001
=2.2191

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(9.063 / 135.542) / (10.46 / 170.9)
=0.06686488 / 0.06120538
=1.0925

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1442.81 + 30.65) / 2443.511) / ((1806.943 + 27.391) / 2644.263)
=0.60300936 / 0.69370331
=0.8693

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(3.604 - 16.644 - 15.356) / 2443.511
=-0.0116

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Resource America, Inc. has a M-score of -2.41 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Resource America, Inc. Annual Data

Sep04Sep05Sep06Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Dec11Sep12
DSRI 0.44090.56510.46422.21790.73952.17041.46290.4223
GMI 3.09260.79270.82410.86181.42491.08791.14330.5071
AQI 2.5530.84681.37170.88331.45050.83980.76971.5674
SGI 1.33921.86681.59971.68191.23010.68960.82521.8814
DEPI 0.29560.39390.2741.08160.88010.66090.72640.7892
SGAI 0.37230.47540.72960.7231.10081.29591.09410.4721
LVGI 0.51491.84280.90691.62341.01750.77140.71931.7384
TATA -0.01820.02140.1257-0.0872-0.08050.1149-0.176-0.0148
M-score -0.86-2.43-1.80-1.43-2.52-1.18-3.01-2.50

Resource America, Inc. Quarterly Data

Jun11Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13
DSRI 0.97250.42230.41450.42330.45520.68560.71830.48680.45731.1169
GMI 1.3730.50710.33670.33010.40460.89730.8780.850.82411.08
AQI 1.2071.56740.97950.85540.88751.02231.20481.48831.38370.9818
SGI 0.8681.88142.11182.01831.79561.02380.99421.20291.44570.7931
DEPI 0.91180.78920.67130.7210.80391.08291.68361.71181.64982.2191
SGAI 1.15090.47210.42290.42130.48410.88680.87390.72690.58071.0925
LVGI 1.57811.73840.74260.52580.39290.89230.77012.21272.72250.8693
TATA -0.0678-0.0148-0.228-0.1996-0.2698-0.0185-0.218-0.03370.0082-0.0116
M-score -2.88-2.50-3.31-3.23-3.63-2.82-3.57-3.08-2.90-2.41
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