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Red Hat Inc (NYSE:RHT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.92 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Red Hat Inc has a M-score of -2.92 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

RHT' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -5.01   Max: -1.76
Current: -2.92

-5.01
-1.76

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Red Hat Inc was -1.76. The lowest was -5.01. And the median was -2.81.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Red Hat Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9497+0.528 * 0.9979+0.404 * 1.1661+0.892 * 1.1468+0.115 * 0.9804
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0106+4.679 * -0.1239-0.327 * 1.0193
=-2.92

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Feb16) TTM:Last Year (Feb15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $510 Mil.
Revenue was 543.502 + 523.58 + 504.148 + 481.001 = $2,052 Mil.
Gross Profit was 462.282 + 442.532 + 428.184 + 409.604 = $1,743 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,872 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,155 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $167 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $76 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,041 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,559 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $724 Mil.
Net Income was 53.036 + 46.848 + 51.395 + 48.086 = $199 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.337 + 0.049 + -1.245 + -0.203 = $-2 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 247.453 + 139.603 + 120.277 + 208.758 = $716 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $468 Mil.
Revenue was 463.941 + 455.895 + 445.899 + 423.754 = $1,789 Mil.
Gross Profit was 393.724 + 384.53 + 378.725 + 359.311 = $1,516 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,970 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,803 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $172 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $76 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $898 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,335 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $715 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(509.715 / 2052.231) / (468.021 / 1789.489)
=0.24837116 / 0.26153891
=0.9497

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1516.29 / 1789.489) / (1742.602 / 2052.231)
=0.84733128 / 0.84912566
=0.9979

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1872.433 + 166.886) / 4155.099) / (1 - (1970.239 + 172.151) / 3802.985)
=0.50920086 / 0.43665568
=1.1661

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2052.231 / 1789.489
=1.1468

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(76.263 / (76.263 + 172.151)) / (76.087 / (76.087 + 166.886))
=0.30699961 / 0.31315002
=0.9804

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1041.23 / 2052.231) / (898.44 / 1789.489)
=0.50736491 / 0.50206511
=1.0106

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((723.942 + 1559.177) / 4155.099) / ((715.402 + 1334.692) / 3802.985)
=0.54947403 / 0.53907496
=1.0193

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(199.365 - -1.736 - 716.091) / 4155.099
=-0.1239

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Red Hat Inc has a M-score of -2.92 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Red Hat Inc Annual Data

Feb07Feb08Feb09Feb10Feb11Feb12Feb13Feb14Feb15Feb16
DSRI 1.04851.10580.8120.94511.09031.10841.01231.03071.11310.9497
GMI 0.98490.99131.01010.98761.01570.99090.99221.00071.00130.9979
AQI 1.35910.95871.15110.93871.00361.1070.97980.94610.99631.1661
SGI 1.43941.30551.24771.14661.21521.24621.17271.15491.16611.1468
DEPI 0.9141.08150.92460.95491.00411.08461.17161.02030.9760.9804
SGAI 1.12850.98950.97420.9850.96510.99111.03710.98121.02391.0106
LVGI 0.83060.95660.54631.18841.02121.11291.06831.00561.45871.0193
TATA -0.1036-0.0898-0.1149-0.0956-0.084-0.0983-0.1122-0.1168-0.1181-0.1239
M-score -2.37-2.53-2.76-2.94-2.59-2.61-2.86-2.88-2.94-2.92

Red Hat Inc Quarterly Data

Feb14May14Aug14Nov14Feb15May15Aug15Nov15Feb16May16
DSRI 1.03071.00721.04560.98381.11310.92530.93080.97770.94970.99
GMI 1.00070.99780.99851.00051.00131.00071.00010.99850.99790.9988
AQI 0.94611.11351.08371.10490.99630.9720.99491.07071.16610.9963
SGI 1.15491.15811.16611.16451.16611.15771.1431.1431.14681.1583
DEPI 1.02030.96810.97350.98960.9760.97790.970.95050.98040.9777
SGAI 0.98120.99951.00111.01361.02391.00211.00471.00791.01061.0247
LVGI 1.00561.04051.03781.4761.45871.41331.41380.98591.01931.0395
TATA -0.1168-0.1268-0.1208-0.1168-0.1181-0.1282-0.1287-0.127-0.1239-0.1277
M-score -2.88-2.90-2.84-3.01-2.94-3.16-3.16-2.94-2.92-2.97
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