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GuruFocus has detected 7 Warning Signs with Roper Technologies Inc $ROP.
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Roper Technologies Inc (NYSE:ROP)
Beneish M-Score
-2.44 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Roper Technologies Inc has a M-score of -2.44 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ROP' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -2.95   Max: -2.07
Current: -2.44

-2.95
-2.07

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Roper Technologies Inc was -2.07. The lowest was -2.95. And the median was -2.52.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Roper Technologies Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.2+0.528 * 0.9818+0.404 * 1.0429+0.892 * 1.0579+0.115 * 1.0469
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0626+4.679 * -0.0211-0.327 * 1.2923
=-2.44

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec16) TTM:Last Year (Dec15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $620 Mil.
Revenue was 1010.8 + 945.144 + 931.558 + 902.423 = $3,790 Mil.
Gross Profit was 626.878 + 578.493 + 567.52 + 559.519 = $2,332 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,777 Mil.
Total Assets was $14,325 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $141 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $240 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,278 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,445 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5,809 Mil.
Net Income was 182.081 + 167.079 + 158.069 + 151.416 = $659 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.355 + -0.534 + -1.334 + -0.129 = $-2 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 270.412 + 316.541 + 169.76 + 207.072 = $964 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $488 Mil.
Revenue was 943.64 + 883.933 + 889.541 + 865.281 = $3,582 Mil.
Gross Profit was 579.091 + 533.483 + 533.911 + 518.161 = $2,165 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,618 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,168 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $106 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $204 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,137 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $720 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,264 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(619.854 / 3789.925) / (488.271 / 3582.395)
=0.1635531 / 0.13629737
=1.2

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2164.646 / 3582.395) / (2332.41 / 3789.925)
=0.60424548 / 0.61542379
=0.9818

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1776.501 + 141.318) / 14324.927) / (1 - (1618.047 + 105.51) / 10168.365)
=0.86612016 / 0.83049812
=1.0429

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=3789.925 / 3582.395
=1.0579

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(204.261 / (204.261 + 105.51)) / (240.453 / (240.453 + 141.318))
=0.65939355 / 0.62983569
=1.0469

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1277.847 / 3789.925) / (1136.728 / 3582.395)
=0.33716947 / 0.31730951
=1.0626

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((5808.561 + 1445.272) / 14324.927) / ((3264.417 + 720.128) / 10168.365)
=0.50637836 / 0.391857
=1.2923

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(658.645 - -2.352 - 963.785) / 14324.927
=-0.0211

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Roper Technologies Inc has a M-score of -2.44 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Roper Technologies Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
DSRI 0.96060.81771.13960.90780.92881.12010.91160.8990.94571.2
GMI 1.00490.97821.01240.95230.98630.97020.96040.9820.980.9818
AQI 0.91871.08961.02371.01190.98361.04991.01190.98641.02941.0429
SGI 1.2361.09720.88871.16411.17221.07021.08171.09621.00931.0579
DEPI 0.93470.98210.97310.89450.96470.96470.94550.96420.97091.0469
SGAI 0.9581.03211.03811.0090.95870.9991.05230.96651.02161.0626
LVGI 0.92051.030.84351.00450.83681.24121.03330.88671.1681.2923
TATA -0.0264-0.0393-0.0303-0.035-0.0343-0.027-0.0323-0.0232-0.0287-0.0211
M-score -2.43-2.74-2.53-2.62-2.51-2.51-2.68-2.57-2.72-2.44

Roper Technologies Inc Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
DSRI 0.94640.8990.90410.89050.90140.94571.02011.03570.98031.2
GMI 0.97030.9820.98260.98780.98740.980.97650.97670.97790.9818
AQI 0.98670.98641.00881.01311.00971.02941.03851.03381.00811.0429
SGI 1.10561.09621.07371.04331.02651.00931.01081.02131.03851.0579
DEPI 0.96460.96420.97750.98420.96720.97090.95520.93360.94351.0469
SGAI 0.98440.96650.96490.98790.99451.02161.05341.06611.06821.0626
LVGI 0.90670.88671.01851.01131.03021.1681.0281.05621.0071.2923
TATA -0.0176-0.0185-0.0259-0.0276-0.026-0.0287-0.0238-0.0246-0.0321-0.0211
M-score -2.51-2.55-2.63-2.68-2.68-2.72-2.58-2.58-2.64-2.44
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