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Radisys Corp (NAS:RSYS)
Beneish M-Score
-3.49 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Radisys Corp has a M-score of -3.49 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

RSYS' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.34   Max: 2.88
Current: -3.49

-4.34
2.88

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Radisys Corp was 2.88. The lowest was -4.34. And the median was -2.68.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Radisys Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.3624+0.528 * 1.1507+0.404 * 0.828+0.892 * 0.7575+0.115 * 0.8895
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.1577+4.679 * -0.2313-0.327 * 1.0393
=-3.49

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $43.9 Mil.
Revenue was 50.805 + 49.964 + 43.799 + 50.138 = $194.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 14.697 + 12.007 + 11.148 + 10.853 = $48.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $103.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $163.8 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $10.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $20.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $37.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $78.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was -4.469 + -8.211 + -10.434 + -26.015 = $-49.1 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.463 + 0.157 + 0.17 + 0.938 = $1.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -1.65 + -2.118 + -3.204 + -5.996 = $-13.0 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $42.5 Mil.
Revenue was 54.109 + 65.438 + 68.178 + 69.3 = $257.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 14.166 + 19.464 + 19.655 + 20.7 = $74.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $111.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $200.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $15.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $22.2 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $42.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $74.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18.0 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(43.86 / 194.706) / (42.496 / 257.025)
=0.2252627 / 0.165338
=1.3624

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(12.007 / 257.025) / (14.697 / 194.706)
=0.28785138 / 0.25014637
=1.1507

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (103.171 + 10.597) / 163.838) / (1 - (111.075 + 15.66) / 200.879)
=0.30560676 / 0.36909782
=0.828

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=194.706 / 257.025
=0.7575

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(22.217 / (22.217 + 15.66)) / (20.519 / (20.519 + 10.597))
=0.58655649 / 0.65943566
=0.8895

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(37.168 / 194.706) / (42.379 / 257.025)
=0.19089294 / 0.16488279
=1.1577

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((0 + 78.727) / 163.838) / ((18 + 74.876) / 200.879)
=0.48051734 / 0.46234798
=1.0393

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-49.129 - 1.728 - -12.968) / 163.838
=-0.2313

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Radisys Corp has a M-score of -3.49 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Radisys Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.10110.85990.96931.49110.56361.19931.0280.98681.20530.9699
GMI 0.99761.09081.09371.22220.85650.84530.99451.04890.95041.1412
AQI 1.16550.52652.62610.97121.13220.2681.12793.44140.85340.9018
SGI 1.21221.05861.12391.1121.14560.81670.93441.16370.86470.8314
DEPI 1.11760.94770.70110.75271.0321.12971.09071.06430.9430.9338
SGAI 0.92930.93331.16321.09470.92691.08641.08030.9950.99151.0966
LVGI 0.79710.91731.00681.0471.11471.08680.81890.96341.06581.1856
TATA -0.0314-0.0415-0.0601-0.095-0.1106-0.2462-0.0677-0.0664-0.2136-0.2771
M-score -2.19-2.86-2.04-2.33-3.31-4.02-2.72-1.62-3.52-4.00

Radisys Corp Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 0.88750.931.20531.27411.15710.96190.96990.97161.25461.3624
GMI 0.96730.94820.95040.98561.06731.08021.14121.16531.19421.1507
AQI 4.02730.91530.85340.8060.81540.93360.90180.8190.81170.828
SGI 1.11840.93120.86470.83790.80690.86740.83140.76580.74260.7575
DEPI 0.90180.95660.9430.98941.04180.94290.93380.90340.8990.8895
SGAI 1.06141.07710.99150.98471.0210.99361.09661.17071.20731.1577
LVGI 0.88041.0011.06581.09851.08451.05791.18561.13561.17031.0393
TATA -0.0599-0.2085-0.2136-0.2456-0.2783-0.1788-0.2771-0.2606-0.2572-0.2313
M-score -1.54-3.66-3.52-3.64-3.88-3.48-4.00-4.01-3.76-3.49
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