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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Sycamore Networks Inc has a M-score of -3.97 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Sycamore Networks Inc was 73.09. The lowest was -21.02. And the median was -2.80.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Sycamore Networks Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0||+||0.528 * 0.9894||+||0.404 * 0.0361||+||0.892 * 0.7172||+||0.115 * 0.8941|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.1982||+||4.679 * -0.0219||-||0.327 * 0.3211|
|This Year (Oct14) TTM:||Last Year (Apr12) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $0.00 Mil.|
Revenue was 0 + 9.47 + 12.064 + 16.799 = $38.33 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 5.449 + 7.161 + 9.62 = $22.23 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $11.93 Mil.
Total Assets was $14.53 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2.50 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1.60 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $15.84 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0.16 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
Net Income was 0 + -5.24 + -6.756 + -2.525 = $-14.52 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.00 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + -8.828 + -5.013 + -0.362 = $-14.20 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $6.39 Mil.
Revenue was 11.922 + 13.184 + 15.38 + 12.959 = $53.45 Mil.
Gross Profit was 6.467 + 7.749 + 9.118 + 7.332 = $30.67 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $368.56 Mil.
Total Assets was $462.93 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5.28 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2.83 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $18.43 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $15.58 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(0 / 38.333)||/||(6.387 / 53.445)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(5.449 / 53.445)||/||(0 / 38.333)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (11.926 + 2.5) / 14.527)||/||(1 - (368.556 + 5.281) / 462.927)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(2.83 / (2.83 + 5.281))||/||(1.6 / (1.6 + 2.5))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(15.838 / 38.333)||/||(18.429 / 53.445)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 0.157) / 14.527)||/||((0 + 15.581) / 462.927)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-14.521 - 0||-||-14.203)||/||14.527|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Sycamore Networks Inc has a M-score of -3.97 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Sycamore Networks Inc Annual Data
Sycamore Networks Inc Quarterly Data