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SandRidge Energy Inc (NYSE:SD)
Beneish M-Score
-3.75 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

SandRidge Energy Inc has a M-score of -3.75 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

SD' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -9.58   Max: 6.46
Current: -3.75

-9.58
6.46

During the past 11 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of SandRidge Energy Inc was 6.46. The lowest was -9.58. And the median was -2.73.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of SandRidge Energy Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1272+0.528 * 0.7307+0.404 * 0.7276+0.892 * 0.6693+0.115 * 1.081
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.5973+4.679 * -0.1542-0.327 * 1.0688
=-3.75

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $294 Mil.
Revenue was 443.056 + 465.108 + 493.603 + 512.987 = $1,915 Mil.
Gross Profit was 308.233 + 281.371 + 341.473 + 336.084 = $1,267 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,526 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,878 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5,252 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $588 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $290 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $612 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,195 Mil.
Net Income was -128.015 + 19.08 + -73.193 + -20.436 = $-203 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2.094 + 19.939 + -1.826 + -0.106 = $20 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 90.451 + 273.623 + 210.324 + 263.226 = $838 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $389 Mil.
Revenue was 511.69 + 1338.098 + 532.798 + 478.434 = $2,861 Mil.
Gross Profit was 341.63 + 368.216 + 356.458 + 317.152 = $1,383 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,789 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,678 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5,736 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $700 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $271 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $782 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,195 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(293.765 / 1914.754) / (389.399 / 2861.02)
=0.1534218 / 0.13610496
=1.1272

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(281.371 / 2861.02) / (308.233 / 1914.754)
=0.48355342 / 0.66178789
=0.7307

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1525.945 + 5252.226) / 6878.257) / (1 - (1789.158 + 5735.606) / 7678.311)
=0.01455107 / 0.0199975
=0.7276

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1914.754 / 2861.02
=0.6693

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(700.117 / (700.117 + 5735.606)) / (587.713 / (587.713 + 5252.226))
=0.10878607 / 0.10063684
=1.081

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(289.519 / 1914.754) / (270.825 / 2861.02)
=0.15120428 / 0.0946603
=1.5973

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3195.036 + 612.406) / 6878.257) / ((3194.543 + 782.253) / 7678.311)
=0.5535475 / 0.51792588
=1.0688

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-202.564 - 20.101 - 837.624) / 6878.257
=-0.1542

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

SandRidge Energy Inc has a M-score of -3.75 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

SandRidge Energy Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.68860.54481.93360.87880.92971.11891.0793
GMI 1.00790.96871.26480.87980.9171.35520.7273
AQI 0.55641.84030.96491.88651.01440.27461.0268
SGI 1.74491.74450.50011.57641.51891.92970.7263
DEPI 0.3740.65541.21471.36010.97390.93260.7604
SGAI 0.20741.01481.83291.13620.5450.84261.8825
LVGI 0.70452.13551.33610.65620.85580.98580.9614
TATA -0.103-0.5536-0.7537-0.0369-0.0508-0.0782-0.1761
M-score -2.60-4.92-5.70-1.82-2.24-1.99-3.78

SandRidge Energy Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
DSRI 0.92971.02141.34651.81141.11890.83940.78870.57811.07931.1272
GMI 0.9170.90450.93290.94571.35521.37151.37631.38150.72730.7307
AQI 1.01440.8870.85250.46780.27460.36670.42410.42711.02680.7276
SGI 1.51891.43581.31391.32391.92971.92791.81241.61680.72630.6693
DEPI 0.97390.98441.16491.02460.93260.59440.52780.62650.76041.081
SGAI 0.5450.62860.77110.93680.84260.85381.11881.16681.88251.5973
LVGI 0.85580.79420.75231.02460.98580.92251.10411.00040.96141.0688
TATA -0.0508-0.06590.0059-0.0798-0.0801-0.111-0.2121-0.2084-0.1769-0.1542
M-score -2.24-2.35-1.81-2.06-2.00-2.38-3.08-3.39-3.78-3.75
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