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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Sirona Dental Systems Inc was 29.97. The lowest was -3.29. And the median was -2.43.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Sirona Dental Systems Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9005||+||0.528 * 0.9576||+||0.404 * 0.8389||+||0.892 * 0.9972||+||0.115 * 0.9132|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0266||+||4.679 * -0.0357||-||0.327 * 0.9048|
|This Year (Mar15) TTM:||Last Year (Mar14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $136 Mil.|
Revenue was 257.3 + 293 + 290 + 299.7 = $1,140 Mil.
Gross Profit was 143.8 + 162.9 + 159.9 + 167.6 = $634 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $734 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,712 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $194 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $74 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $346 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $256 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Net Income was 36 + 46 + 42.7 + 51.5 = $176 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -2 + -1.1 + -3.5 + 1.1 = $-6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 69.2 + 4.2 + 117.9 + 51.6 = $243 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $151 Mil.
Revenue was 282.7 + 298.7 + 278.6 + 283.2 = $1,143 Mil.
Gross Profit was 151.5 + 162.7 + 143.3 + 151.5 = $609 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $598 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,821 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $229 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $77 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $338 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $225 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $75 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(135.6 / 1140)||/||(151 / 1143.2)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(162.9 / 1143.2)||/||(143.8 / 1140)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (733.7 + 194.1) / 1711.9)||/||(1 - (598 + 228.8) / 1821)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(76.8 / (76.8 + 228.8))||/||(73.7 / (73.7 + 194.1))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(345.6 / 1140)||/||(337.6 / 1143.2)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 255.7) / 1711.9)||/||((75.3 + 225.3) / 1821)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(176.2 - -5.5||-||242.9)||/||1711.9|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Sirona Dental Systems Inc has a M-score of -2.81 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Sirona Dental Systems Inc Annual Data
Sirona Dental Systems Inc Quarterly Data