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Scotts Miracle Gro Co (NYSE:SMG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.50 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Scotts Miracle Gro Co has a M-score of -2.50 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

SMG' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.27   Max: -1.93
Current: -2.5

-3.27
-1.93

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Scotts Miracle Gro Co was -1.93. The lowest was -3.27. And the median was -2.60.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Scotts Miracle Gro Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0484+0.528 * 0.9104+0.404 * 1.0131+0.892 * 1.0744+0.115 * 1.0464
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9109+4.679 * -0.0238-0.327 * 0.9948
=-2.50

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,089 Mil.
Revenue was 1081 + 196.4 + 443 + 1148.1 = $2,869 Mil.
Gross Profit was 433.8 + 34.9 + 130.8 + 441.8 = $1,041 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,938 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,071 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $444 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $65 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $653 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,018 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,145 Mil.
Net Income was 125.7 + -65.6 + -19.4 + 148.2 = $189 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -10.7 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $-11 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -434.4 + -180.2 + 198.9 + 688.4 = $273 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $967 Mil.
Revenue was 1007.9 + 205.8 + 401.2 + 1054.9 = $2,670 Mil.
Gross Profit was 377.2 + 31.1 + 105 + 369 = $882 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,837 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,897 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $418 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $65 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $668 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $888 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,163 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1088.8 / 2868.5) / (966.6 / 2669.8)
=0.3795712 / 0.36204959
=1.0484

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(34.9 / 2669.8) / (433.8 / 2868.5)
=0.33047419 / 0.36301203
=0.9104

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1937.6 + 443.6) / 3071.2) / (1 - (1836.7 + 417.8) / 2896.9)
=0.22466788 / 0.22175429
=1.0131

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2868.5 / 2669.8
=1.0744

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(64.9 / (64.9 + 417.8)) / (65.4 / (65.4 + 443.6))
=0.13445204 / 0.12848723
=1.0464

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(653.3 / 2868.5) / (667.5 / 2669.8)
=0.22774969 / 0.25001873
=0.9109

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1145.3 + 1018.1) / 3071.2) / ((1163 + 888.2) / 2896.9)
=0.70441521 / 0.70806724
=0.9948

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(188.9 - -10.7 - 272.7) / 3071.2
=-0.0238

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Scotts Miracle Gro Co has a M-score of -2.50 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Scotts Miracle Gro Co Annual Data

Sep04Sep05Sep06Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13
DSRI 0.92770.9831.03360.98210.98390.98780.89941.00411.0020.9507
GMI 0.96071.03591.02461.01331.110.88810.95571.02991.05970.9752
AQI 1.00271.01960.92460.97810.88850.96140.89771.05510.96251.0491
SGI 1.08491.12481.13841.06481.03830.99960.97230.96611.00940.9966
DEPI 0.89380.89981.07840.98990.91811.2081.04190.9971.06110.9413
SGAI 1.05391.04220.88281.03351.00351.04060.94911.03021.01310.9297
LVGI 0.89810.84541.01811.6220.99710.89430.8561.13260.95340.8709
TATA -0.0559-0.04970.0034-0.04-0.0982-0.0501-0.04240.0229-0.0226-0.0934
M-score -2.74-2.56-2.30-2.84-2.92-2.75-2.80-2.41-2.54-2.91

Scotts Miracle Gro Co Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
DSRI 0.88071.04320.89561.0020.91060.89771.12880.95461.00781.0484
GMI 1.04741.08161.07541.05971.04281.06040.98310.97260.9690.9104
AQI 1.03050.95550.99160.96250.99621.03880.99951.04911.06011.0131
SGI 0.96290.9510.98781.00941.02280.95010.98460.99250.9871.0744
DEPI 0.98761.02540.9611.06110.9881.02521.02090.94131.04661.0464
SGAI 0.97961.02590.99891.01311.03381.00480.94780.91310.91690.9109
LVGI 1.13481.09841.03060.95340.93640.96450.94420.87090.94410.9948
TATA 0.03350.0023-0.0661-0.0226-0.0344-0.0494-0.0174-0.0934-0.0774-0.0238
M-score -2.47-2.48-2.87-2.54-2.67-2.79-2.44-2.91-2.80-2.50
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