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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of The Spectranetics Corp was 1.78. The lowest was -3.93. And the median was -2.26.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of The Spectranetics Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9594||+||0.528 * 0.9863||+||0.404 * 0.9341||+||0.892 * 1.0836||+||0.115 * 0.9514|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.025||+||4.679 * -0.044||-||0.327 * 1.1587|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.
|This Year (Sep16) TTM:||Last Year (Sep15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $41.7 Mil.|
Revenue was 68.265 + 67.748 + 62.884 + 65.197 = $264.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 51.381 + 50.765 + 46.802 + 48.839 = $197.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $133.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $431.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $44.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $27.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $158.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $60.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $284.5 Mil.
Net Income was -13.312 + -14.906 + -17.291 + -10.46 = $-56.0 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.004 + -0.158 + 0.175 + -0.114 = $-0.1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -5.878 + -1.873 + -12.444 + -16.691 = $-36.9 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $40.1 Mil.
Revenue was 61.66 + 61.677 + 57.422 + 62.959 = $243.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 45.851 + 45.763 + 42.369 + 46.04 = $180.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $117.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $436.7 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $45.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $25.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $143.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $71.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $230.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(41.661 / 264.094)||/||(40.072 / 243.718)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(180.023 / 243.718)||/||(197.787 / 264.094)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (133.562 + 44.851) / 431.862)||/||(1 - (117.194 + 45.136) / 436.725)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(25.537 / (25.537 + 45.136))||/||(27.468 / (27.468 + 44.851))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(158.904 / 264.094)||/||(143.067 / 243.718)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((284.483 + 60.639) / 431.862)||/||((230 + 71.204) / 436.725)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-55.969 - -0.093||-||-36.886)||/||431.862|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
The Spectranetics Corp has a M-score of -2.74 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
The Spectranetics Corp Annual Data
The Spectranetics Corp Quarterly Data