Switch to:
Sempra Energy (NYSE:SRE)
Beneish M-Score
0.00 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Sempra Energy has a M-score of signals that the company is a manipulator.

SRE' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.13   Max: -1.07
Current: 0

-3.13
-1.07

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Sempra Energy was -1.07. The lowest was -3.13. And the median was -2.33.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Sempra Energy for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,264 Mil.
Revenue was 2815 + 2678 + 2795 + 2705 = $10,993 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1637 + 1544 + 1489 + 1626 = $6,296 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,414 Mil.
Total Assets was $38,982 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $26,409 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,151 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,292 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $12,437 Mil.
Net Income was 348 + 270 + 247 + 282 = $1,147 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 70 + 74 + 97 + 72 = $313 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 627 + 130 + 904 + 454 = $2,115 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,176 Mil.
Revenue was 2551 + 2651 + 2650 + 2668 = $10,520 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1586 + 1666 + 1488 + 1557 = $6,297 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,712 Mil.
Total Assets was $36,901 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $24,763 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,115 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,530 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $10,478 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1264 / 10993) / (1176 / 10520)
=0.11498226 / 0.11178707
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1544 / 10520) / (1637 / 10993)
=0.59857414 / 0.5727281
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (4414 + 26409) / 38982) / (1 - (3712 + 24763) / 36901)
=0.20930173 / 0.2283407
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=10993 / 10520
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(1115 / (1115 + 24763)) / (1151 / (1151 + 26409))
=0.04308679 / 0.04176343
=

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(0 / 10993) / (0 / 10520)
=0 / 0
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((12437 + 4292) / 38982) / ((10478 + 4530) / 36901)
=0.42914679 / 0.40670985
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(1147 - 313 - 2115) / 38982
=-0.0329

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Sempra Energy has a M-score of signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Sempra Energy Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.99780.2633
GMI 1.01011.5757
AQI 0.99052.0796
SGI 0.97250.9405
DEPI 1.07811.1257
SGAI 1.34040
LVGI 0.96680.7745
TATA -0.04-0.0208
M-score -2.73-2.31

Sempra Energy Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI
GMI
AQI
SGI
DEPI
SGAI
LVGI
TATA
M-score
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)
Free 7-day Trial
FEEDBACK