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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
St Jude Medical Inc has a M-score of -2.56 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of St Jude Medical Inc was -1.82. The lowest was -2.85. And the median was -2.53.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of St Jude Medical Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0203||+||0.528 * 1.0154||+||0.404 * 0.9892||+||0.892 * 1.0243||+||0.115 * 0.893|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.003||+||4.679 * -0.018||-||0.327 * 1.0849|
|This Year (Jun14) TTM:||Last Year (Jun13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $1,439 Mil.|
Revenue was 1448 + 1363 + 1422 + 1338 = $5,571 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1015 + 980 + 992 + 953 = $3,940 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,220 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,443 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,382 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $311 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,915 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,827 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,642 Mil.
Net Income was 270 + 249 + 123 + 262 = $904 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -21 + -20 + 1 + 3 = $-37 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 291 + 273 + 290 + 275 = $1,129 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $1,377 Mil.
Revenue was 1403 + 1338 + 1372 + 1326 = $5,439 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1021 + 961 + 953 + 971 = $3,906 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,701 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,660 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,432 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $281 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,864 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,568 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,095 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(1439 / 5571)||/||(1377 / 5439)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(980 / 5439)||/||(1015 / 5571)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (4220 + 1382) / 10443)||/||(1 - (3701 + 1432) / 9660)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(281 / (281 + 1432))||/||(311 / (311 + 1382))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(1915 / 5571)||/||(1864 / 5439)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((3642 + 1827) / 10443)||/||((3095 + 1568) / 9660)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(904 - -37||-||1129)||/||10443|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
St Jude Medical Inc has a M-score of -2.56 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
St Jude Medical Inc Annual Data
St Jude Medical Inc Quarterly Data