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Seagate Technology PLC (NAS:STX)
Beneish M-Score
-3.26 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Seagate Technology PLC has a M-score of -3.26 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

STX' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -5.41   Max: 0.3
Current: -3.26

-5.41
0.3

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Seagate Technology PLC was 0.30. The lowest was -5.41. And the median was -2.83.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Seagate Technology PLC for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9352+0.528 * 1.1827+0.404 * 1.5273+0.892 * 0.8123+0.115 * 0.9843
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9147+4.679 * -0.1757-0.327 * 1.1712
=-3.26

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,318 Mil.
Revenue was 2654 + 2595 + 2986 + 2925 = $11,160 Mil.
Gross Profit was 662 + 524 + 741 + 689 = $2,616 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,533 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,252 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,160 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $815 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $636 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,249 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,130 Mil.
Net Income was 70 + -21 + 165 + 34 = $248 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 1 + 28 + -2 + -9 = $18 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 269 + 205 + 382 + 824 = $1,680 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,735 Mil.
Revenue was 2928 + 3330 + 3696 + 3785 = $13,739 Mil.
Gross Profit was 776 + 955 + 1027 + 1051 = $3,809 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,568 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,845 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,278 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $841 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $856 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,343 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,155 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1318 / 11160) / (1735 / 13739)
=0.11810036 / 0.12628284
=0.9352

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(3809 / 13739) / (2616 / 11160)
=0.27723997 / 0.2344086
=1.1827

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (3533 + 2160) / 8252) / (1 - (5568 + 2278) / 9845)
=0.31010664 / 0.20304723
=1.5273

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=11160 / 13739
=0.8123

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(841 / (841 + 2278)) / (815 / (815 + 2160))
=0.2696377 / 0.27394958
=0.9843

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(636 / 11160) / (856 / 13739)
=0.05698925 / 0.06230439
=0.9147

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((4130 + 2249) / 8252) / ((4155 + 2343) / 9845)
=0.77302472 / 0.66003047
=1.1712

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(248 - 18 - 1680) / 8252
=-0.1757

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Seagate Technology PLC has a M-score of -3.26 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Seagate Technology PLC Annual Data

Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13Jun14Jun15Jun16
DSRI 0.77560.91140.94951.16621.10911.13920.74961.08261.00240.9352
GMI 1.20690.76261.75380.51141.43750.62391.1420.97971.01081.1832
AQI 1.10110.93350.2380.86240.87662.48681.12950.98441.22061.5273
SGI 1.2341.11870.77161.16220.96281.36170.96060.95631.00110.8123
DEPI 0.82791.0660.8661.14941.01950.95690.94570.9531.08120.9843
SGAI 1.06781.00021.05610.70021.05770.87141.25191.1891.18570.9122
LVGI 1.11021.05881.47490.86771.10930.89060.94071.14250.99161.1712
TATA -0.0048-0.1283-0.5538-0.0388-0.0795-0.0403-0.125-0.1006-0.1034-0.1758
M-score -2.42-3.22-5.41-2.57-2.65-1.76-3.23-3.02-2.89-3.26

Seagate Technology PLC Quarterly Data

Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16
DSRI 1.16331.08261.18721.11491.06291.00240.86790.89120.87210.9352
GMI 1.04420.97980.97660.98690.99391.01081.04521.0751.17471.1827
AQI 0.97130.98441.26471.13131.20961.22061.03521.59821.54561.5273
SGI 0.89870.95640.99381.01581.01911.00110.91860.85770.81020.8123
DEPI 0.92250.9531.00611.05261.08351.08121.0641.03931.00560.9843
SGAI 1.37741.18891.14371.07781.08081.18431.18211.13471.05380.9147
LVGI 1.12931.14251.15960.92050.9880.99161.15161.21631.1781.1712
TATA -0.0832-0.1006-0.0931-0.0987-0.1109-0.1035-0.1751-0.1334-0.1595-0.1757
M-score -2.91-3.02-2.73-2.76-2.84-2.89-3.53-3.14-3.27-3.26
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