Switch to:
Constellation Brands Inc (NYSE:STZ)
Beneish M-Score
-2.48 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Constellation Brands Inc has a M-score of -2.48 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

STZ' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.35   Max: -1.45
Current: -2.48

-3.35
-1.45

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Constellation Brands Inc was -1.45. The lowest was -3.35. And the median was -2.45.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Constellation Brands Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.997+0.528 * 0.975+0.404 * 0.9712+0.892 * 1.0722+0.115 * 1.0726
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0487+4.679 * -0.0132-0.327 * 0.9234
=-2.48

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (May15) TTM:Last Year (May14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $696 Mil.
Revenue was 1631.3 + 1356.2 + 1541.7 + 1604.1 = $6,133 Mil.
Gross Profit was 737.1 + 597.6 + 638.9 + 672 = $2,646 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,979 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,247 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,742 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $207 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,110 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,120 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,038 Mil.
Net Income was 238.6 + 214.6 + 222.2 + 195.8 = $871 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 1 + 0.4 + 21.2 + -5 = $18 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 205.7 + 330.9 + 82 + 435.8 = $1,054 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $651 Mil.
Revenue was 1526 + 1291.2 + 1443.3 + 1459.8 = $5,720 Mil.
Gross Profit was 670.1 + 548.9 + 609.7 + 577 = $2,406 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,137 Mil.
Total Assets was $14,842 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,157 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $176 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $987 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,255 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,346 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(696.2 / 6133.3) / (651.3 / 5720.3)
=0.11351149 / 0.11385766
=0.997

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(597.6 / 5720.3) / (737.1 / 6133.3)
=0.42055487 / 0.43135017
=0.975

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2979.3 + 2742.1) / 15247.3) / (1 - (3137.2 + 2157.1) / 14842.4)
=0.62475979 / 0.64329893
=0.9712

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6133.3 / 5720.3
=1.0722

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(175.8 / (175.8 + 2157.1)) / (207.2 / (207.2 + 2742.1))
=0.07535685 / 0.07025396
=1.0726

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1110.3 / 6133.3) / (987.4 / 5720.3)
=0.18102816 / 0.17261332
=1.0487

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((7038.2 + 1120.3) / 15247.3) / ((6345.6 + 2254.7) / 14842.4)
=0.53507834 / 0.57944133
=0.9234

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(871.2 - 17.6 - 1054.4) / 15247.3
=-0.0132

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Constellation Brands Inc has a M-score of -2.48 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Constellation Brands Inc Annual Data

Feb06Feb07Feb08Feb09Feb10Feb11Feb12Feb13Feb14Feb15
DSRI 0.80671.00721.14810.74031.06560.81891.31611.02370.76220.7723
GMI 0.96980.98490.86011.00920.98920.95260.89261.00950.96870.9565
AQI 0.9941.1170.96991.02650.98871.10840.99630.95961.29390.9455
SGI 1.12621.13310.72330.96860.92070.99030.79661.05341.74091.2384
DEPI 0.73971.11860.9780.81841.0180.91521.29490.88941.19921.0218
SGAI 0.97851.10791.45181.05350.89980.94831.02151.06560.87830.9729
LVGI 0.92611.09091.12661.04080.87140.92280.96071.01691.13390.9297
TATA -0.0151-0.0091-0.0576-0.1238-0.0638-0.0424-0.0798-0.05090.072-0.0171
M-score -2.64-2.39-3.07-3.35-2.74-2.81-2.76-2.69-1.60-2.57

Constellation Brands Inc Quarterly Data

Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14Aug14Nov14Feb15May15
DSRI 1.02370.9280.99680.79220.76220.71120.61410.75130.77230.997
GMI 1.00951.01821.02231.00290.96870.93430.91670.94040.95650.975
AQI 0.95961.07231.17851.20961.29391.10130.95720.95050.94550.9712
SGI 1.05341.06821.35081.5661.74092.0181.63091.39571.23841.0722
DEPI 0.88940.90271.22821.15581.19921.16570.86760.931.02181.0726
SGAI 1.06471.11230.97520.90150.87910.7810.88760.93230.97291.0487
LVGI 1.01691.07481.08331.06491.13390.97550.90570.92140.92970.9234
TATA -0.0509-0.03430.06560.06580.0720.0687-0.0169-0.0121-0.0171-0.0132
M-score -2.69-2.66-1.78-1.76-1.60-1.45-2.38-2.43-2.57-2.48
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GuruFocus Premium Plus Membership

FEEDBACK