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Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. (NYSE:SWM)
Beneish M-Score
-2.29 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. has a M-score of -2.29 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

SWM' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.28   Max: -2.2
Current: -2.29

-3.28
-2.2

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. was -2.20. The lowest was -3.28. And the median was -2.70.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.2377+0.528 * 1.1604+0.404 * 2.0654+0.892 * 1.0494+0.115 * 0.8207
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0483+4.679 * -0.0755-0.327 * 1.6367
=-2.29

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $130.8 Mil.
Revenue was 204.3 + 203.6 + 204.7 + 196.5 = $809.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 52.9 + 59.2 + 57.6 + 61.9 = $231.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $562.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,228.6 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $369.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $45.2 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $82.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $136.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $437.9 Mil.
Net Income was 23 + 25 + 23.2 + -9.7 = $61.5 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2.7 + 2.8 + -0.8 + 2.7 = $7.4 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 34.4 + 39.1 + 18.3 + 55 = $146.8 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $100.7 Mil.
Revenue was 185.3 + 196.5 + 194.5 + 194.7 = $771.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 63.2 + 64.9 + 62.7 + 65.3 = $256.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $456.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $940.8 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $374.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $36.8 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $74.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $122.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $146.6 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(130.8 / 809.1) / (100.7 / 771)
=0.1616611 / 0.1306096
=1.2377

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(59.2 / 771) / (52.9 / 809.1)
=0.33216602 / 0.28624397
=1.1604

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (562.3 + 369.6) / 1228.6) / (1 - (456.1 + 374.7) / 940.8)
=0.24149438 / 0.11692177
=2.0654

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=809.1 / 771
=1.0494

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(36.8 / (36.8 + 374.7)) / (45.2 / (45.2 + 369.6))
=0.08942892 / 0.10896818
=0.8207

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(82.4 / 809.1) / (74.9 / 771)
=0.10184155 / 0.09714656
=1.0483

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((437.9 + 136.4) / 1228.6) / ((146.6 + 122.1) / 940.8)
=0.46744262 / 0.28560799
=1.6367

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(61.5 - 7.4 - 146.8) / 1228.6
=-0.0755

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. has a M-score of -2.29 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.91661.00270.91061.03730.8050.76911.08541.11950.84931.1167
GMI 1.03441.27841.13170.84881.12530.5150.98260.89050.89481.0194
AQI 1.2921.09931.28541.46011.37020.90630.98950.92921.10142.0618
SGI 1.15981.01870.97821.0911.07430.93711.02861.08210.97190.9927
DEPI 0.88980.88440.87171.21630.73310.93831.18580.91091.04361.0101
SGAI 1.01730.8731.05151.05850.89411.27330.94881.14550.97540.9376
LVGI 0.97190.98530.95681.10211.20240.61430.93731.23380.94271.3645
TATA -0.0312-0.0307-0.0745-0.0875-0.0346-0.0337-0.08940.0161-0.1083-0.088
M-score -2.43-2.40-2.75-2.69-2.62-3.13-2.76-2.42-3.14-2.46

Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 0.88030.89410.84930.96450.93080.96751.11671.23981.27061.2377
GMI 0.80710.75930.89480.94720.99451.05051.01941.04831.08321.1604
AQI 1.11791.33081.10140.96130.82880.87562.06182.12522.20942.0654
SGI 1.06691.00740.97190.95420.97460.980.99271.00641.01091.0494
DEPI 0.86191.00011.04361.02581.03211.00411.01010.92050.91530.8207
SGAI 1.03880.98740.97540.95490.96621.0190.93761.02051.05061.0483
LVGI 1.01620.9010.94270.95650.88590.85921.36451.46921.47121.6367
TATA -0.0583-0.0649-0.1083-0.0793-0.0892-0.0761-0.0858-0.0717-0.0722-0.0755
M-score -2.89-2.83-3.14-2.94-3.01-2.86-2.45-2.28-2.20-2.29
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