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Sysco Corporation (NYSE:SYY)
Beneish M-Score
-2.66 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Sysco Corporation has a M-score of -2.66 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

SYY' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.93   Max: -2.09
Current: -2.66

-2.93
-2.09

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Sysco Corporation was -2.09. The lowest was -2.93. And the median was -2.60.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Sysco Corporation for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9917+0.528 * 1.0324+0.404 * 1.0293+0.892 * 1.0471+0.115 * 0.8869
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0024+4.679 * -0.048-0.327 * 1.0187
=-2.66

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $3,290 Mil.
Revenue was 11237.969 + 11714.267 + 11601.056 + 10926.371 = $45,480 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1964.951 + 2065.487 + 2036.162 + 1910.319 = $7,977 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,521 Mil.
Total Assets was $13,013 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,967 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $534 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $6,350 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,749 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,944 Mil.
Net Income was 210.835 + 285.59 + 283.043 + 201.417 = $981 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 4.211 + 4.534 + 9.832 + 3.41 = $22 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 288.935 + 169.229 + 752.186 + 372.623 = $1,583 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $3,168 Mil.
Revenue was 10796.89 + 11086.916 + 11045.382 + 10504.746 = $43,434 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1952.11 + 2029.795 + 2011.711 + 1871.616 = $7,865 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,160 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,471 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,961 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $466 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $6,050 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,487 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,809 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(3289.93 / 45479.663) / (3168.12 / 43433.934)
=0.07233849 / 0.07294112
=0.9917

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2065.487 / 43433.934) / (1964.951 / 45479.663)
=0.18108496 / 0.1753953
=1.0324

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (6520.856 + 3967.176) / 13013.025) / (1 - (6159.785 + 3960.636) / 12471.302)
=0.19403582 / 0.18850325
=1.0293

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=45479.663 / 43433.934
=1.0471

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(465.812 / (465.812 + 3960.636)) / (534.102 / (534.102 + 3967.176))
=0.10523381 / 0.11865564
=0.8869

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(6349.899 / 45479.663) / (6049.505 / 43433.934)
=0.13962063 / 0.13928061
=1.0024

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2944.083 + 3749.25) / 13013.025) / ((2809.29 + 3487.417) / 12471.302)
=0.51435642 / 0.50489572
=1.0187

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(980.885 - 21.987 - 1582.973) / 13013.025
=-0.048

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Sysco Corporation has a M-score of -2.66 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Sysco Corporation Annual Data

Jun04Jun05Jun06Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13
DSRI 0.97071.01071.00920.97880.97411.04880.94971.0239
GMI 1.02071.01270.99060.99991.00571.02641.03821.0225
AQI 1.16811.03650.97910.94230.89760.95340.95051.0953
SGI 1.12221.03231.07751.0741.07081.05581.07781.0479
DEPI 1.07480.94450.99781.04451.02961.05521.06070.8494
SGAI 0.96190.98111.06130.980200.99270.98271.0241
LVGI 0.97510.96131.01111.00690.99910.96750.99140.9897
TATA -0.0377-0.0292-0.0309-0.0441-0.05090.0041-0.0238-0.0424
M-score -2.47-2.55-2.57-2.66-2.54-2.35-2.56-2.58

Sysco Corporation Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
DSRI 1.02671.02950.99380.94970.9771.03791.04541.02391.02060.9917
GMI 1.02971.03551.04781.03821.03171.02051.01231.01461.02321.0324
AQI 0.95170.89270.93340.95050.96081.04311.03841.09531.07591.0293
SGI 1.05921.06741.06411.07781.06781.05891.05011.04791.05031.0471
DEPI 1.08521.08161.09891.06070.99940.92950.86590.84940.85530.8869
SGAI 0.99030.98230.96270.98270.99331.01021.03711.03411.01791.0024
LVGI 0.98560.9920.9710.99140.97540.9780.95460.98971.02151.0187
TATA 0.002-0.0187-0.0164-0.0238-0.0212-0.0147-0.0194-0.0424-0.0381-0.048
M-score -2.38-2.49-2.48-2.56-2.53-2.44-2.47-2.59-2.58-2.66
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