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Molson Coors Brewing Co (NYSE:TAP)
Beneish M-Score
-2.84 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Molson Coors Brewing Co has a M-score of -2.84 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

TAP' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.37   Max: 1.31
Current: -2.84

-3.37
1.31

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Molson Coors Brewing Co was 1.31. The lowest was -3.37. And the median was -2.60.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Molson Coors Brewing Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.8652+0.528 * 1.0009+0.404 * 0.9965+0.892 * 0.9611+0.115 * 0.8977
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0198+4.679 * -0.037-0.327 * 1.0345
=-2.84

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $459 Mil.
Revenue was 700 + 973.8 + 1168 + 1188.5 = $4,030 Mil.
Gross Profit was 245.2 + 353.6 + 501.4 + 505.2 = $1,605 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,278 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,952 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,641 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $309 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,141 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,254 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,310 Mil.
Net Income was 81.1 + 94.1 + -34.4 + 290.9 = $432 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -2.6 + -3 + -5 + 0.7 = $-10 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -202.6 + 214.2 + 482.4 + 426.3 = $920 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $552 Mil.
Revenue was 816 + 1028.4 + 1171.2 + 1178 = $4,194 Mil.
Gross Profit was 292.8 + 384 + 501.2 + 493.9 = $1,672 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,484 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,366 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,936 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $322 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,164 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,072 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,162 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(459.1 / 4030.3) / (552.1 / 4193.6)
=0.11391212 / 0.131653
=0.8652

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(353.6 / 4193.6) / (245.2 / 4030.3)
=0.39867894 / 0.39833263
=1.0009

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1278.1 + 1640.6) / 12951.7) / (1 - (1484.3 + 1936.2) / 15365.8)
=0.77464734 / 0.77739525
=0.9965

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4030.3 / 4193.6
=0.9611

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(321.5 / (321.5 + 1936.2)) / (309.3 / (309.3 + 1640.6))
=0.14240156 / 0.15862352
=0.8977

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1140.6 / 4030.3) / (1163.8 / 4193.6)
=0.28300623 / 0.27751812
=1.0198

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2310.1 + 2254.1) / 12951.7) / ((3162.3 + 2071.8) / 15365.8)
=0.35240162 / 0.34063309
=1.0345

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(431.7 - -9.9 - 920.3) / 12951.7
=-0.037

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Molson Coors Brewing Co has a M-score of -2.84 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Molson Coors Brewing Co Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 0.77960.92050.77960.77911.80231.370.85931.03050.87680.8658
GMI 0.90930.98781.35261.02870.98560.66551.06231.04461.01150.9903
AQI 1.62980.97861.00281.15070.97110.95960.99821.07651.00750.9792
SGI 1.27891.06141.42340.79950.66550.73521.08031.1141.07390.9858
DEPI 1.00071.01371.35780.6551.29781.05170.96471.09640.85910.9437
SGAI 1.04350.98420.71450.96141.01531.52880.93160.9920.98710.989
LVGI 0.83370.91380.87710.88740.94471.04160.99061.44550.92880.9657
TATA -0.0106-0.0378-0.0083-0.0012-0.0156-0.0068-0.0146-0.0278-0.0398-0.0537
M-score -2.23-2.66-2.03-2.79-2.08-2.70-2.56-2.56-2.70-2.87

Molson Coors Brewing Co Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
DSRI 1.03050.96880.79330.93130.87680.93271.06110.87950.86580.8652
GMI 1.04461.05371.03841.04091.01150.98560.9840.98450.99031.0009
AQI 1.07651.05590.98391.00411.00751.00541.01230.97370.97920.9965
SGI 1.1141.15271.18141.10051.07391.03450.99340.99830.98580.9611
DEPI 1.09640.97370.69950.79340.85910.94531.0390.95360.94370.8977
SGAI 0.9920.98810.94650.96020.98710.960.99450.99670.9891.0198
LVGI 1.44551.55620.98090.93860.92880.90430.86910.95280.96571.0345
TATA -0.0278-0.0361-0.0373-0.042-0.0398-0.0334-0.0284-0.0447-0.0537-0.037
M-score -2.56-2.67-2.69-2.62-2.70-2.64-2.52-2.81-2.87-2.84
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