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Taser International Inc (NAS:TASR)
Beneish M-Score
-2.49 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Taser International Inc has a M-score of -2.49 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

TASR' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.83   Max: 5.77
Current: -2.49

-3.83
5.77

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Taser International Inc was 5.77. The lowest was -3.83. And the median was -2.50.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Taser International Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1109+0.528 * 0.9677+0.404 * 0.967+0.892 * 1.2141+0.115 * 1.0973
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9145+4.679 * -0.0717-0.327 * 0.8962
=-2.49

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $27.1 Mil.
Revenue was 44.349 + 37.175 + 36.185 + 40.025 = $157.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 28.713 + 23.214 + 22.208 + 25.554 = $99.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $123.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $164.1 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $17.8 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $51.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $23.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 7.558 + 3.884 + 3.391 + 5.375 = $20.2 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 16.676 + 1.652 + 4.31 + 9.339 = $32.0 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $20.1 Mil.
Revenue was 35.197 + 32.175 + 30.434 + 32.116 = $129.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 22.096 + 19.742 + 18.451 + 19.168 = $79.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $90.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $128.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $19.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $5.4 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $46.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $20.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.1 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(27.099 / 157.734) / (20.093 / 129.922)
=0.17180189 / 0.15465433
=1.1109

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(23.214 / 129.922) / (28.713 / 157.734)
=0.61157464 / 0.63200705
=0.9677

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (123.199 + 17.848) / 164.14) / (1 - (90.45 + 19.347) / 128.492)
=0.14069087 / 0.14549544
=0.967

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=157.734 / 129.922
=1.2141

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(5.441 / (5.441 + 19.347)) / (4.463 / (4.463 + 17.848))
=0.21950137 / 0.20003586
=1.0973

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(51.714 / 157.734) / (46.576 / 129.922)
=0.32785576 / 0.35849202
=0.9145

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((0.039 + 23.776) / 164.14) / ((0.076 + 20.725) / 128.492)
=0.14508956 / 0.16188556
=0.8962

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(20.208 - 0 - 31.977) / 164.14
=-0.0717

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Taser International Inc has a M-score of -2.49 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Taser International Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.5660.90891.30780.78071.55830.81591.05570.83991.20551.0343
GMI 0.92141.07640.97331.11490.93151.00961.16531.05510.83820.9475
AQI 8.86721.37660.82080.35980.67441.15381.3161.18410.83941.6392
SGI 2.76580.70511.41981.48740.92171.12290.83381.03561.27461.2011
DEPI 2.51720.47940.82280.94721.0891.03180.50910.7281.0121.0788
SGAI 0.71962.70590.78940.74331.28480.99641.07630.94030.8070.9923
LVGI 0.64540.83642.24090.59240.92971.18180.8811.72531.03510.9977
TATA -0.10440.00040.0507-0.0076-0.0345-0.0731-0.0376-0.2316-0.1013-0.0956
M-score 1.68-2.93-2.06-2.31-2.38-2.87-2.57-3.83-2.65-2.47

Taser International Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 1.30561.02331.20550.90970.92671.1051.03431.01561.13521.1109
GMI 1.01651.00990.83820.86620.86660.87320.94750.95070.95870.9677
AQI 1.18731.05850.83940.86630.90480.90691.63921.54261.28190.967
SGI 1.12791.13521.27461.29171.24021.24971.20111.20111.20311.2141
DEPI 0.88250.91.01181.01141.00681.08711.07891.091.17131.0973
SGAI 0.87990.87420.80690.85470.95481.00970.99910.99460.9920.9145
LVGI 1.27741.22671.03511.10041.17050.95360.99771.02810.76820.8962
TATA -0.1945-0.2034-0.1013-0.1123-0.0895-0.0752-0.0956-0.0842-0.0562-0.0717
M-score -2.99-3.32-2.65-2.96-2.91-2.59-2.48-2.48-2.25-2.49
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