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Telefonica SA (NYSE:TEF)
Beneish M-Score
-2.81 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Telefonica SA has a M-score of -2.91 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

TEF' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -15.66   Max: -0.71
Current: -2.81

-15.66
-0.71

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Telefonica SA was -0.71. The lowest was -15.66. And the median was -2.66.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Telefonica SA for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.2594+0.528 * 1.0025+0.404 * 1.0114+0.892 * 0.9132+0.115 * 1.1201
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0069+4.679 * -0.1329-0.327 * 0.966
=-2.91

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $15,081 Mil.
Revenue was 17030.9278351 + 18008.1521739 + 17142.461964 + 21329.218107 = $73,511 Mil.
Gross Profit was 12087.628866 + 13001.3586957 + 12190.8713693 + 15297.6680384 = $52,578 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $35,500 Mil.
Total Assets was $155,238 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $41,138 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $11,485 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $9,072 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $36,081 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $65,258 Mil.
Net Income was 1219.07216495 + 1645.38043478 + 957.123098202 + 1986.28257888 = $5,808 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -11.5979381443 + -328.804347826 + 1.38312586445 + -489.711934156 = $-829 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 7584.23913043 + 0 + 19676.2688615 = $27,261 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $13,112 Mil.
Revenue was 19022.6969292 + 19846.9656992 + 18554.4041451 + 23069.5538058 = $80,494 Mil.
Gross Profit was 13411.2149533 + 14236.1477573 + 13129.5336788 + 16939.6325459 = $57,717 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $39,865 Mil.
Total Assets was $161,806 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $40,943 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $13,249 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $9,866 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $41,101 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $68,242 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(15081.185567 / 73510.76008) / (13112.1495327 / 80493.6205793)
=0.20515616 / 0.16289675
=1.2594

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(13001.3586957 / 80493.6205793) / (12087.628866 / 73510.76008)
=0.71703234 / 0.7152358
=1.0025

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (35500 + 41137.8865979) / 155238.402062) / (1 - (39865.1535381 + 40942.5901202) / 161806.408545)
=0.50632134 / 0.50058997
=1.0114

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=73510.76008 / 80493.6205793
=0.9132

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(13248.5602661 / (13248.5602661 + 40942.5901202)) / (11485.2913403 / (11485.2913403 + 41137.8865979))
=0.2444783 / 0.21825537
=1.1201

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(9071.75524492 / 73510.76008) / (9865.67787482 / 80493.6205793)
=0.12340718 / 0.12256472
=1.0069

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((65257.7319588 + 36081.185567) / 155238.402062) / ((68241.6555407 + 41101.4686248) / 161806.408545)
=0.65279542 / 0.6757651
=0.966

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(5807.85827681 - -828.731094262 - 27260.5079919) / 155238.402062
=-0.1329

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Telefonica SA has a M-score of -2.91 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Telefonica SA Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Jun14
DSRI 0.86410.88260.8970.97851.16831.07280.72150.96630.9809
GMI 1.01811.05440.98541.00420.98380.971.02330.99771.0149
AQI 0.9611.22110.98550.99120.94051.16161.00680.94190.9245
SGI 1.10981.62391.2280.91471.05281.03530.96990.99330.9495
DEPI 1.00870.86680.98840.98571.04481.06010.92730.96920.9696
SGAI 0.96570.84150.95220.95580.54550.8221.35140.77650.926
LVGI 1.17621.09880.96131.03480.98060.94851.04120.99750.9951
TATA -0.1113-0.0855-0.0642-0.0865-0.0729-0.0498-0.0871-0.0725-0.078
M-score -3.08-2.33-2.67-2.99-2.56-2.51-3.24-2.85-2.92

Telefonica SA Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
DSRI 0.94761.02840.99221.17350.95070.99811.1991.10861.25941.6454
GMI 0.99070.99750.99510.99981.00811.0151.01451.01071.00251.0088
AQI 0.96580.94190.98950.96910.91660.92450.93830.94221.01141.097
SGI 0.95680.93340.9210.93880.94290.93320.94080.92380.91320.8605
DEPI 1.00181.01790.99740.97720.94050.98281.00371.09941.12011.0767
SGAI -0.04140.74990.42121.5273-9.06610.90781.58080.97261.00691.1273
LVGI 0.9980.99750.97780.98940.97880.99510.99640.97790.9660.9728
TATA -0.1332-0.1208-0.1085-0.1343-0.1334-0.1304-0.1383-0.1266-0.1329-0.0179
M-score -3.03-3.06-2.97-3.11-1.50-3.16-3.11-3.03-2.91-2.05
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