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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Tenet Healthcare Corp was 0.00. The lowest was -3.99. And the median was -2.65.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Tenet Healthcare Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 *||+||0.528 *||+||0.404 *||+||0.892 *||+||0.115 *|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 *||+||4.679 *||-||0.327 *|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
|This Year (Jun16) TTM:||Last Year (Jun15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $2,734 Mil.|
Revenue was 4868 + 5044 + 5026 + 4692 = $19,630 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1779 + 1831 + 1766 + 1682 = $7,058 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,993 Mil.
Total Assets was $24,240 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,977 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $820 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,430 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $14,320 Mil.
Net Income was -46 + -59 + -97 + -29 = $-231 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2 + 1 + 0 + 1 = $4 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 435 + 147 + 191 + 482 = $1,255 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $2,505 Mil.
Revenue was 4492 + 4424 + 4465 + 4175 = $17,556 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1600 + 1612 + 1659 + 1482 = $6,353 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $6,009 Mil.
Total Assets was $22,746 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,135 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $851 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,774 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $14,637 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(2734 / 19630)||/||(2505 / 17556)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(6353 / 17556)||/||(7058 / 19630)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (4993 + 7977) / 24240)||/||(1 - (6009 + 7135) / 22746)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(851 / (851 + 7135))||/||(820 / (820 + 7977))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(0 / 19630)||/||(0 / 17556)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((14320 + 4430) / 24240)||/||((14637 + 3774) / 22746)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-231 - 4||-||1255)||/||24240|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Tenet Healthcare Corp has a M-score of signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Tenet Healthcare Corp Annual Data
Tenet Healthcare Corp Quarterly Data