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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Tenet Healthcare Corp was -1.91. The lowest was -3.54. And the median was -2.61.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Tenet Healthcare Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 *||+||0.528 *||+||0.404 *||+||0.892 *||+||0.115 *|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 *||+||4.679 *||-||0.327 *|
|This Year (Mar15) TTM:||Last Year (Mar14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $2,468 Mil.|
Revenue was 4428 + 4468 + 4179 + 4362 = $17,437 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1616 + 1662 + 1486 + 1437 = $6,201 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,124 Mil.
Total Assets was $18,425 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,528 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $863 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,734 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $11,824 Mil.
Net Income was 47 + 61 + 9 + -26 = $91 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + -24 + 0 = $-24 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -57 + 219 + 221 + 266 = $649 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $2,141 Mil.
Revenue was 3926 + 3885 + 2408 + 2629 = $12,848 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1377 + 1387 + 849 + 869 = $4,482 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,978 Mil.
Total Assets was $16,484 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,723 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $624 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,336 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $10,612 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(2468 / 17437)||/||(2141 / 12848)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(1662 / 12848)||/||(1616 / 17437)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (5124 + 7528) / 18425)||/||(1 - (3978 + 7723) / 16484)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(624 / (624 + 7723))||/||(863 / (863 + 7528))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(0 / 17437)||/||(0 / 12848)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((11824 + 3734) / 18425)||/||((10612 + 3336) / 16484)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(91 - -24||-||649)||/||18425|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Tenet Healthcare Corp has a M-score of signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Tenet Healthcare Corp Annual Data
Tenet Healthcare Corp Quarterly Data