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Tiffany & Co (NYSE:TIF)
Beneish M-Score
-2.53 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Tiffany & Co has a M-score of -2.53 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

TIF' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.05   Max: -2.09
Current: -2.53

-3.05
-2.09

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Tiffany & Co was -2.09. The lowest was -3.05. And the median was -2.41.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Tiffany & Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9804+0.528 * 0.9725+0.404 * 0.9185+0.892 * 1.0543+0.115 * 0.9824
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0033+4.679 * -0.0077-0.327 * 0.9761
=-2.53

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jan15) TTM:Last Year (Jan14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $195 Mil.
Revenue was 1285.262 + 959.589 + 992.93 + 1012.132 = $4,250 Mil.
Gross Profit was 781.615 + 570.871 + 595.163 + 589.526 = $2,537 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,611 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,181 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $900 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $194 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,646 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $658 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $883 Mil.
Net Income was 196.182 + 38.268 + 124.12 + 125.609 = $484 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2.79 + -93.779 + 0 + 0 = $-91 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 437.338 + 24.983 + 76.18 + 76.616 = $615 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $189 Mil.
Revenue was 1298.284 + 911.478 + 925.884 + 895.484 = $4,031 Mil.
Gross Profit was 785.609 + 519.481 + 532.129 + 503.224 = $2,340 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,228 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,752 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $855 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $181 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,556 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $697 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $751 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(195.168 / 4249.913) / (188.814 / 4031.13)
=0.04592282 / 0.04683898
=0.9804

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(570.871 / 4031.13) / (781.615 / 4249.913)
=0.58059229 / 0.59699457
=0.9725

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (3611.387 + 899.507) / 5180.603) / (1 - (3228.388 + 855.095) / 4752.351)
=0.1292724 / 0.14074465
=0.9185

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4249.913 / 4031.13
=1.0543

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(180.629 / (180.629 + 855.095)) / (194.158 / (194.158 + 899.507))
=0.17439878 / 0.17752968
=0.9824

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1645.746 / 4249.913) / (1555.903 / 4031.13)
=0.38724228 / 0.38597192
=1.0033

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((882.535 + 658.033) / 5180.603) / ((751.154 + 696.74) / 4752.351)
=0.29737233 / 0.30466899
=0.9761

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(484.179 - -90.989 - 615.117) / 5180.603
=-0.0077

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Tiffany & Co has a M-score of -2.53 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Tiffany & Co Annual Data

Jan06Jan07Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14Jan15
DSRI 1.01581.05111.02070.87451.01471.02910.83830.90751.02140.9804
GMI 0.9870.98311.01990.97581.02340.95611.00021.03570.9820.9725
AQI 1.45271.04171.38170.9151.01761.00681.16991.18120.98690.9185
SGI 1.0491.10721.14760.96940.95121.13861.18071.04151.06241.0543
DEPI 0.93970.99990.76850.94270.91610.93021.13740.95950.95510.9824
SGAI 0.93710.99211.03880.98790.99280.98930.99540.97570.99891.0033
LVGI 0.95241.05981.02471.07050.96940.89090.97941.04211.04370.9761
TATA -0.00590.0083-0.0610.028-0.12070.01670.05370.02010.0028-0.0077
M-score -2.25-2.31-2.49-2.57-3.05-2.24-2.12-2.36-2.43-2.53

Tiffany & Co Quarterly Data

Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14Jul14Oct14Jan15
DSRI 0.89610.90750.95660.89630.97481.02140.99921.09150.99510.9804
GMI 1.03161.03571.03581.01970.99630.9820.97040.96570.96620.9725
AQI 1.23671.18121.19831.14061.09530.98690.92440.88830.85830.9185
SGI 1.05321.04151.04581.05251.05951.06241.07161.0781.07421.0543
DEPI 0.94090.95950.94250.95130.97410.95510.95320.94930.96980.9824
SGAI 0.98490.97570.97250.99320.98720.99890.98280.98941.0031.0033
LVGI 1.11071.04211.00670.95410.94841.04370.99291.01171.06310.9761
TATA 0.03380.0094-0.0165-0.0248-0.02490.0028-0.00390.00810.0276-0.0077
M-score -2.30-2.41-2.46-2.57-2.51-2.43-2.48-2.36-2.39-2.53
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