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Speedway Motorsports Inc (NYSE:TRK)
Beneish M-Score
-2.62 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Speedway Motorsports Inc has a M-score of -2.62 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

TRK' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.26   Max: -1.44
Current: -2.62

-3.26
-1.44

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Speedway Motorsports Inc was -1.44. The lowest was -3.26. And the median was -2.61.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Speedway Motorsports Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0413+0.528 * 1.0156+0.404 * 0.8874+0.892 * 1.0215+0.115 * 0.6527
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0011+4.679 * -0.0286-0.327 * 0.9535
=-2.62

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $38.6 Mil.
Revenue was 144.123 + 179.321 + 85.274 + 84.053 = $492.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 64.318 + 88.465 + 43.947 + 41.07 = $237.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $147.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,550.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,025.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $83.0 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $98.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $101.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $323.7 Mil.
Net Income was 8.553 + -32.224 + -4.399 + -12.947 = $-41.0 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.749 + -98.925 + -7.982 + -0.182 = $-107.8 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 28.061 + 56.277 + 8.718 + 18.094 = $111.2 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $36.3 Mil.
Revenue was 139.837 + 175.877 + 84.542 + 82.164 = $482.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 62.604 + 87.776 + 43.896 + 42.154 = $236.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $179.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,740.6 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,084.4 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $55.7 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $95.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $109.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $391.4 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(38.582 / 492.771) / (36.274 / 482.42)
=0.078296 / 0.07519174
=1.0413

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(88.465 / 482.42) / (64.318 / 492.771)
=0.49009162 / 0.4825771
=1.0156

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (147.685 + 1025.671) / 1550.434) / (1 - (179.104 + 1084.405) / 1740.553)
=0.24320803 / 0.27407611
=0.8874

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=492.771 / 482.42
=1.0215

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(55.7 / (55.7 + 1084.405)) / (82.989 / (82.989 + 1025.671))
=0.04885515 / 0.07485523
=0.6527

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(97.953 / 492.771) / (95.787 / 482.42)
=0.19877996 / 0.1985552
=1.0011

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((323.707 + 101.936) / 1550.434) / ((391.448 + 109.673) / 1740.553)
=0.27453152 / 0.28790907
=0.9535

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-41.017 - -107.838 - 111.15) / 1550.434
=-0.0286

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Speedway Motorsports Inc has a M-score of -2.62 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Speedway Motorsports Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 0.97081.26750.82560.92761.05181.15230.92060.95260.96970.9999
GMI 1.01620.98060.96351.0321.03151.05671.00771.0171.01941.0169
AQI 1.56840.95160.81422.00470.92041.00760.94291.00950.8881.0353
SGI 1.21851.04280.98991.08790.9010.91231.00720.9690.98061.0076
DEPI 1.01430.99520.92560.99960.90560.99010.98430.95150.97710.6802
SGAI 0.92311.02161.0470.95461.11281.11521.03541.04381.03411.0475
LVGI 0.96550.99550.9971.07450.97310.93920.9420.92550.96040.9277
TATA -0.0242-0.0125-0.0233-0.0299-0.0752-0.0318-0.0739-0.04480.0044-0.0561
M-score -2.16-2.29-2.87-2.20-2.91-2.53-2.90-2.74-2.54-2.73

Speedway Motorsports Inc Quarterly Data

Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15
DSRI 1.0450.67810.96971.02230.98571.15250.99990.85580.88111.0413
GMI 1.02761.0091.01941.01971.01281.0091.01691.01391.01341.0156
AQI 0.90880.91130.8880.89511.011.00461.03531.040.87910.8874
SGI 0.91240.96650.98060.98240.98921.00391.00761.00851.01751.0215
DEPI 0.96960.98150.97710.98310.95520.95620.68020.67750.71460.6527
SGAI 1.08281.01771.03411.03981.05871.0581.04751.03681.0071.0011
LVGI 0.99040.98720.96040.92860.87170.86910.92770.94840.96590.9535
TATA -0.0295-0.02950.00450.0155-0.0053-0.0153-0.0561-0.0572-0.0359-0.0286
M-score -2.69-2.98-2.53-2.42-2.49-2.37-2.73-2.88-2.81-2.62
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