TRN has been removed from your Stock Email Alerts list.
Please enter Portfolio Name for new portfolio.
The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Trinity Industries Inc was -1.30. The lowest was -3.96. And the median was -2.51.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Trinity Industries Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.8025||+||0.528 * 0.9725||+||0.404 * 0.9369||+||0.892 * 1.1288||+||0.115 * 0.9188|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.068||+||4.679 * -0.0441||-||0.327 * 0.8942|
|This Year (Sep15) TTM:||Last Year (Sep14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $508 Mil.|
Revenue was 1542.2 + 1676.8 + 1626.7 + 1661.4 = $6,507 Mil.
Gross Profit was 432.8 + 457.2 + 415.6 + 386.1 = $1,692 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,418 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,805 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5,308 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $271 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $450 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $852 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,285 Mil.
Net Income was 204.3 + 212 + 180.2 + 138.2 = $735 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 1 + 0.7 + 2.3 + 1.7 = $6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 348.3 + 172.6 + 109.4 + 486.6 = $1,117 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $561 Mil.
Revenue was 1562.8 + 1485.3 + 1460.5 + 1256 = $5,765 Mil.
Gross Profit was 390.6 + 387 + 386.5 + 293.3 = $1,457 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,573 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,545 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4,855 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $227 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $373 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $894 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,596 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(507.9 / 6507.1)||/||(560.7 / 5764.6)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(457.2 / 5764.6)||/||(432.8 / 6507.1)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (2418.4 + 5308.4) / 8805.3)||/||(1 - (2572.5 + 4855.3) / 8544.9)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(226.8 / (226.8 + 4855.3))||/||(271 / (271 + 5308.4))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(449.9 / 6507.1)||/||(373.2 / 5764.6)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((3284.5 + 852.1) / 8805.3)||/||((3595.6 + 893.8) / 8544.9)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(734.7 - 5.7||-||1116.9)||/||8805.3|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Trinity Industries Inc has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Trinity Industries Inc Annual Data
Trinity Industries Inc Quarterly Data