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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Vitesse Semiconductor Corp has a M-score of -2.85 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Vitesse Semiconductor Corp was 6.52. The lowest was -12.55. And the median was -3.08.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Vitesse Semiconductor Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.302||+||0.528 * 1.0887||+||0.404 * 0.7521||+||0.892 * 0.9124||+||0.115 * 1.2149|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0871||+||4.679 * -0.1279||-||0.327 * 0.7655|
|This Year (Dec13) TTM:||Last Year (Dec12) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $11.4 Mil.|
Revenue was 27.083 + 26.875 + 26.418 + 24.753 = $105.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 16.407 + 14.122 + 14.752 + 13.384 = $58.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $75.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $83.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2.2 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $30.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $55.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $16.2 Mil.
Net Income was -5.371 + -5.765 + -6.434 + -4.847 = $-22.4 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -1.655 + -0.034 + -0.031 + -0.005 = $-1.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -4.523 + -3.279 + -2.602 + 0.37 = $-10.0 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $9.6 Mil.
Revenue was 25.727 + 29.468 + 30.287 + 29.737 = $115.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 14.752 + 17.089 + 19.017 + 19.142 = $70.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $62.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $70.7 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3.4 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $30.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $20.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $59.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(11.406 / 105.129)||/||(9.601 / 115.219)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(14.122 / 115.219)||/||(16.407 / 105.129)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (75.251 + 3.559) / 83.351)||/||(1 - (62.239 + 3.373) / 70.736)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(2.898 / (2.898 + 3.373))||/||(2.185 / (2.185 + 3.559))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(30.094 / 105.129)||/||(30.34 / 115.219)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((16.163 + 55.293) / 83.351)||/||((58.95 + 20.269) / 70.736)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-22.417 - -1.725||-||-10.034)||/||83.351|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Vitesse Semiconductor Corp has a M-score of -2.85 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Vitesse Semiconductor Corp Annual Data
Vitesse Semiconductor Corp Quarterly Data