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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 7 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Wright Medical Group NV was -2.57. The lowest was -2.98. And the median was -2.70.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Wright Medical Group NV for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.1113||+||0.528 * 0.9649||+||0.404 * 0.9695||+||0.892 * 1.0441||+||0.115 * 0.9559|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0022||+||4.679 * -0.0463||-||0.327 * 1.1493|
|This Year (Jun15) TTM:||Last Year (Jun14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $68.0 Mil.|
Revenue was 83.221 + 88.092 + 92.403 + 76.675 = $340.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 64.532 + 68.108 + 70.64 + 58.665 = $261.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $209.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $637.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $42.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $40.8 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $235.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $84.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $77.3 Mil.
Net Income was -9.343 + -5.116 + -8.465 + -5.321 = $-28.2 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.401 + 0.394 + -1.101 + -0.141 = $-1.2 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 4.445 + -2.837 + 5.525 + -4.622 = $2.5 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $58.6 Mil.
Revenue was 86.85 + 89.025 + 83.392 + 66.747 = $326.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 65.623 + 66.561 + 62.125 + 47.775 = $242.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $216.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $694.0 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $44.4 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $39.0 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $224.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $85.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $67.9 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(68.046 / 340.391)||/||(58.644 / 326.014)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(68.108 / 326.014)||/||(64.532 / 340.391)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (209.518 + 42.558) / 637.499)||/||(1 - (216.802 + 44.419) / 693.966)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(39.047 / (39.047 + 44.419))||/||(40.793 / (40.793 + 42.558))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(235.012 / 340.391)||/||(224.6 / 326.014)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((77.308 + 84.875) / 637.499)||/||((67.948 + 85.668) / 693.966)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-28.245 - -1.249||-||2.511)||/||637.499|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Wright Medical Group NV has a M-score of -2.64 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Wright Medical Group NV Annual Data
Wright Medical Group NV Quarterly Data