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Westport Innovations Inc (NAS:WPRT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.23 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Westport Innovations Inc has a M-score of -2.24 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

WPRT' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -10000000   Max: 231.09
Current: -2.23

-10000000
231.09

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Westport Innovations Inc was 231.09. The lowest was -10000000.00. And the median was -2.31.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Westport Innovations Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9935+0.528 * 2.0193+0.404 * 0.7708+0.892 * 1.3363+0.115 * 0.7938
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.6417+4.679 * -0.1131-0.327 * 1.0339
=-2.24

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $53.6 Mil.
Revenue was 40.036 + 41.923 + 52.595 + 46.528 = $181.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 13.601 + 12.272 + -17.067 + 16.057 = $24.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $274.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $445.0 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $64.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $17.8 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $69.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $86.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $58.1 Mil.
Net Income was -35.358 + -23.866 + -89.451 + -30.225 = $-178.9 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 1.041 + -0.356 + -27.96 + 2.347 = $-24.9 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -28.937 + -23.093 + -17.879 + -33.756 = $-103.7 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $40.4 Mil.
Revenue was 34.856 + 30.053 + 39.926 + 30.674 = $135.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 8.257 + 8.095 + 13.423 + 7.796 = $37.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $245.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $449.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $65.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $13.6 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $81.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $93.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $47.9 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(53.629 / 181.082) / (40.393 / 135.509)
=0.29615865 / 0.29808352
=0.9935

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(12.272 / 135.509) / (13.601 / 181.082)
=0.27725834 / 0.13730244
=2.0193

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (274.477 + 64.714) / 444.983) / (1 - (245.23 + 65.609) / 449.461)
=0.23774391 / 0.30841831
=0.7708

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=181.082 / 135.509
=1.3363

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(13.568 / (13.568 + 65.609)) / (17.817 / (17.817 + 64.714))
=0.1713629 / 0.21588252
=0.7938

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(69.582 / 181.082) / (81.144 / 135.509)
=0.38425686 / 0.59880894
=0.6417

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((58.123 + 86.86) / 444.983) / ((47.925 + 93.718) / 449.461)
=0.32581694 / 0.31513969
=1.0339

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-178.9 - -24.928 - -103.665) / 444.983
=-0.1131

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Westport Innovations Inc has a M-score of -2.24 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Westport Innovations Inc Annual Data

Mar04Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.54431.12120.80341.27680.54610.53611.77761.07192.54541.2891
GMI 1.06430.98620.90540.93691.16111.24420.79570.82461.1293.6508
AQI 1.25480.89051.46190.81311.08940.18930.49953.21892.52470.9221
SGI 1.47361.1511.31231.40341.32571.38831.26081.21711.05111.054
DEPI 0.71770.74741.27461.53380.90281.4510.84151.09061.35790.8408
SGAI 0.89070.71990.89080.93811.00440.86141.19211.07451.88220.952
LVGI 0.98221.37741.58471.03940.6850.88660.84190.84711.1491.0368
TATA -0.168-0.2081-0.12750.01570.0212-0.2096-0.1114-0.0695-0.0596-0.1133
M-score -3.13-3.36-2.98-1.84-2.30-3.63-2.36-1.69-0.77-1.35

Westport Innovations Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 2.31834.45591.64281.06250.83721.06181.28911.05040.9935
GMI 1.25151.09151.02330.88051.25371.13373.65083.15292.0193
AQI 1.98211.80820.62451.3811.70961.84020.92210.91640.7708
SGI 1.09320.99180.56830.9250.8161.30821.0541.17481.3363
DEPI 1.3441.19760.9320.98361.10011.00710.84080.82150.7938
SGAI 1.10491.06561.68871.78322.05431.28890.9520.83030.6417
LVGI 1.12930.9910.62121.09341.24041.20511.03680.96661.0339
TATA -0.00230.0124-0.0436-0.0549-0.0836-0.0268-0.1003-0.1108-0.1131
M-score -0.691.14-2.62-2.82-3.01-1.98-1.29-1.67-2.24
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