WSTL has been removed from your Stock Email Alerts list.
Please enter Portfolio Name for new portfolio.
The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Westell Technologies Inc was 2.24. The lowest was -8.61. And the median was -2.83.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Westell Technologies Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.7201||+||0.528 * 0.872||+||0.404 * 1.0508||+||0.892 * 1.0459||+||0.115 * 0.9257|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9003||+||4.679 * -0.1546||-||0.327 * 1.0169|
|This Year (Jun16) TTM:||Last Year (Jun15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $10.89 Mil.|
Revenue was 14.816 + 20.904 + 20.215 + 25.514 = $81.45 Mil.
Gross Profit was 4.565 + 7.893 + 7.963 + 10.231 = $30.65 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $51.67 Mil.
Total Assets was $73.84 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2.81 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $6.99 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $25.21 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $12.64 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
Net Income was -7.768 + -5.076 + -4.797 + -2.473 = $-20.11 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.017 + 0.107 + 0.085 + -0.061 = $0.15 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -3.852 + -4.851 + -0.987 + 0.84 = $-8.85 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $14.45 Mil.
Revenue was 21.57 + 18.613 + 14.043 + 23.646 = $77.87 Mil.
Gross Profit was 8.429 + 4.666 + 4.395 + 8.065 = $25.56 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $70.61 Mil.
Total Assets was $99.09 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3.76 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $7.31 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $26.78 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $16.68 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(10.885 / 81.449)||/||(14.452 / 77.872)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(25.555 / 77.872)||/||(30.652 / 81.449)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (51.665 + 2.809) / 73.835)||/||(1 - (70.606 + 3.76) / 99.093)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(7.306 / (7.306 + 3.76))||/||(6.987 / (6.987 + 2.809))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(25.214 / 81.449)||/||(26.775 / 77.872)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 12.638) / 73.835)||/||((0 + 16.679) / 99.093)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-20.114 - 0.148||-||-8.85)||/||73.835|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Westell Technologies Inc has a M-score of -3.46 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Westell Technologies Inc Annual Data
Westell Technologies Inc Quarterly Data