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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Xilinx Inc has a M-score of -2.75 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Xilinx Inc was -2.14. The lowest was -3.64. And the median was -2.65.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Xilinx Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0638||+||0.528 * 0.9593||+||0.404 * 0.7339||+||0.892 * 1.0986||+||0.115 * 0.9575|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9424||+||4.679 * -0.032||-||0.327 * 1.422|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
|This Year (Mar14) TTM:||Last Year (Mar13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $268 Mil.|
Revenue was 617.823 + 586.816 + 598.937 + 578.955 = $2,383 Mil.
Gross Profit was 417.878 + 406.024 + 416.121 + 399.255 = $1,639 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,067 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,037 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $355 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $75 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $379 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $989 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $994 Mil.
Net Income was 156.027 + 175.877 + 141.461 + 157.023 = $630 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -8.155 + -0.302 + -3.313 + -1.674 = $-13 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 189.375 + 216.39 + 254.943 + 144.209 = $805 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $229 Mil.
Revenue was 532.168 + 509.767 + 543.933 + 582.784 = $2,169 Mil.
Gross Profit was 351.579 + 339.274 + 356.22 + 384.373 = $1,431 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,298 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,729 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $366 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $74 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $366 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $387 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $923 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(267.833 / 2382.531)||/||(229.175 / 2168.652)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(406.024 / 2168.652)||/||(417.878 / 2382.531)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (3067.147 + 355.089) / 5037.349)||/||(1 - (2297.639 + 365.687) / 4729.451)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(73.56 / (73.56 + 365.687))||/||(75.272 / (75.272 + 355.089))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(378.607 / 2382.531)||/||(365.684 / 2168.652)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((993.87 + 989.36) / 5037.349)||/||((922.666 + 386.788) / 4729.451)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(630.388 - -13.444||-||804.917)||/||5037.349|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Xilinx Inc has a M-score of -2.75 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Xilinx Inc Annual Data
Xilinx Inc Quarterly Data