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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Xilinx Inc has a M-score of -2.70 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Xilinx Inc was -1.30. The lowest was -3.80. And the median was -2.64.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Xilinx Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9599||+||0.528 * 0.9769||+||0.404 * 0.7403||+||0.892 * 1.0909||+||0.115 * 0.9615|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9417||+||4.679 * -0.0106||-||0.327 * 1.3212|
|This Year (Sep14) TTM:||Last Year (Sep13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $291 Mil.|
Revenue was 604.262 + 612.633 + 617.823 + 586.816 = $2,422 Mil.
Gross Profit was 434.645 + 423.444 + 417.878 + 406.024 = $1,682 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,304 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,017 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $345 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $75 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $376 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $971 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $994 Mil.
Net Income was 171.516 + 173.611 + 156.027 + 175.877 = $677 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.278 + -0.858 + -8.155 + -0.302 = $-10 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 203.881 + 130.119 + 189.375 + 216.39 = $740 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $278 Mil.
Revenue was 598.937 + 578.955 + 532.168 + 509.767 = $2,220 Mil.
Gross Profit was 416.121 + 399.255 + 351.579 + 339.274 = $1,506 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,801 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,000 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $357 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $74 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $366 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,482 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(290.629 / 2421.534)||/||(277.539 / 2219.827)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(423.444 / 2219.827)||/||(434.645 / 2421.534)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (3303.977 + 345.485) / 5017.302)||/||(1 - (2801.206 + 357.42) / 5000.052)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(74.13 / (74.13 + 357.42))||/||(75.147 / (75.147 + 345.485))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(376.277 / 2421.534)||/||(366.281 / 2219.827)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((994.352 + 970.649) / 5017.302)||/||((0 + 1482.17) / 5000.052)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(677.031 - -9.593||-||739.765)||/||5017.302|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Xilinx Inc has a M-score of -2.70 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Xilinx Inc Annual Data
Xilinx Inc Quarterly Data