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Zimmer Holdings Inc (NYSE:ZMH)
Beneish M-Score
-2.60 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Zimmer Holdings Inc has a M-score of -2.56 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ZMH' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.97   Max: 2.19
Current: -2.6

-2.97
2.19

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Zimmer Holdings Inc was 2.19. The lowest was -2.97. And the median was -2.58.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Zimmer Holdings Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9901+0.528 * 1.0373+0.404 * 0.9407+0.892 * 1.0394+0.115 * 0.9619
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9963+4.679 * -0.0221-0.327 * 0.9824
=-2.56

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $939 Mil.
Revenue was 1161.5 + 1240.7 + 1074.3 + 1169.5 = $4,646 Mil.
Gross Profit was 856.1 + 899.9 + 745.5 + 845.9 = $3,347 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,047 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,380 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,236 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $374 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,884 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $919 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,680 Mil.
Net Income was 221.5 + 235.9 + 154.4 + 152.1 = $764 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 188.8 + 300.2 + 292.7 + 189.7 = $971 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $913 Mil.
Revenue was 1138.9 + 1180.5 + 1025.5 + 1125 = $4,470 Mil.
Gross Profit was 846 + 881.6 + 769.8 + 843.1 = $3,341 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,464 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,745 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,220 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $351 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,820 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $763 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,703 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(939.1 / 4646) / (912.5 / 4469.9)
=0.20213087 / 0.20414327
=0.9901

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(899.9 / 4469.9) / (856.1 / 4646)
=0.74733216 / 0.72049074
=1.0373

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (4046.7 + 1235.6) / 9380.1) / (1 - (3464 + 1219.5) / 8744.6)
=0.43686101 / 0.46441232
=0.9407

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4646 / 4469.9
=1.0394

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(351.4 / (351.4 + 1219.5)) / (374.4 / (374.4 + 1235.6))
=0.22369342 / 0.23254658
=0.9619

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1884.3 / 4646) / (1819.6 / 4469.9)
=0.40557469 / 0.40707846
=0.9963

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1680.1 + 918.7) / 9380.1) / ((1702.8 + 763.3) / 8744.6)
=0.27705462 / 0.28201404
=0.9824

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(763.9 - 0 - 971.4) / 9380.1
=-0.0221

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Zimmer Holdings Inc has a M-score of -2.56 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Zimmer Holdings Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.68810.90611.12180.96681.02781.03181.00211.02481.04991.024
GMI 0.98660.95270.99761.0021.02280.99990.99731.01630.99951.0368
AQI 0.96410.97590.95320.94220.9720.9370.96061.00290.95930.9557
SGI 1.56811.10241.06371.1151.05740.99381.03051.05491.00451.0339
DEPI 0.73411.07841.05641.02691.07070.82590.98850.95330.99541.0189
SGAI 1.0290.96021.01180.98551.12561.00121.0091.02960.91060.9983
LVGI 0.72560.51721.01241.05541.32281.37320.98731.24431.00040.9833
TATA -0.0507-0.023-0.0351-0.0214-0.0262-0.0514-0.0746-0.0489-0.044-0.0211
M-score -2.46-2.44-2.50-2.54-2.64-2.86-2.82-2.72-2.64-2.52

Zimmer Holdings Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 0.97480.9951.04751.04991.02111.0281.00391.0240.99010.9768
GMI 1.0181.01151.00810.99950.99981.00981.02661.03681.03731.0297
AQI 0.99710.96550.94560.95930.97731.02341.01430.95570.94070.9114
SGI 1.04771.02571.00891.00450.99841.01121.02351.03391.03941.0321
DEPI 0.92330.9240.96180.99541.05981.08991.05031.01890.96190.978
SGAI 1.0331.01631.00830.91060.91250.95870.95810.99830.99630.9614
LVGI 1.23931.26311.04761.00040.99660.97970.9390.98330.98240.9999
TATA -0.0512-0.0476-0.0476-0.044-0.0413-0.0419-0.0377-0.0211-0.0221-0.0246
M-score -2.78-2.79-2.69-2.64-2.64-2.60-2.58-2.52-2.56-2.60
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