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Cliffs Natural Resources Inc (NYSE:CLF)
Altman Z-Score
1.08 (As of Today)

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc has a Z-score of 1.09, indicating it is in Distress Zones. This implies bankrupcy possibility in the next two years.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

When Z-Score is less than 1.81, it is in Distress” Zones.
When Z-Score is greater than 2.99, it is in Safe Zones.
When Z-Score is between 1.81 and 2.99, it is in Grey” Zones.

CLF' s 10-Year Altman Z-Score Range
Min: 0.69   Max: 3.75
Current: 1.08

0.69
3.75

During the past 13 years, Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's highest Altman Z-Score was 3.75. The lowest was 0.69. And the median was 2.46.


Definition

Z-Score model is an accurate forecaster of failure up to two years prior to distress. It can be considered the assessment of the distress of industrial corporations.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's Altman Z-Score for today is calculated with this formula:

Z=1.2*X1+1.4*X2+3.3*X3+0.6*X4+1.0*X5
=1.2*0.0477+1.4*0.25+3.3*0.021+0.6*0.3231+1.0*0.4159
=1.09

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2014:
Total Assets was $13,203 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,672 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,043 Mil.
Retained Earnings was $3,301 Mil.
Pretax Income was -92.2 + -27.6 + 178.1 + 218.5 = $277 Mil.
Interest Expense was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Revenue was 940 + 1515.8 + 1546.6 + 1488.5 = $5,491 Mil.
Market Capitalization (Today) was $2,321 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $7,183 Mil.

X1=Working Capital/Total Assets
=(Total Current Assets - Total Current Liabilities)/Total Assets
=(1672.3 - 1043.1)/13202.8
=0.0477

X2=Retained Earnings/Total Assets
=3300.9/13202.8
=0.25

X3=Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets
=(Pretax Income + Interest Expense)/Total Assets
=(276.8 + 0)/13202.8
=0.021

X4=Market Value Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities
=Market Capitalization/Total Liabilities
=2320.693/7183.3
=0.3231

X5=Revenue/Total Assets
=5490.9/13202.8
=0.4159

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Distress” Zones - 1.81 < “Grey” Zones < 2.99 - “Safe” Zones

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc has a Z-score of 1.09 indicating it is in Distress Zones.

Study by Altman found that companies that are in Distress Zone have more than 80% of chances of bankruptcy in two years.


Explanation

X1: The Working Capital/Total Assets (WC/TA) ratio is a measure of the net liquid assets of the firm relative to the total capitalization. Working capital is defined as the difference between current assets and current liabilities. Ordinarily, a firm experiencing consistent operating losses will have shrinking current assets in relation to total assets. Altman found this one proved to be the most valuable liquidity ratio comparing with the current ratio and the quick ratio. This is however the least significant of the five factors.

X2: Retained Earnings/Total Assets: the RE/TA ratio measures the leverage of a firm. Retained earnings is the account which reports the total amount of reinvested earnings and/or losses of a firm over its entire life. Those firms with high RE, relative to TA, have financed their assets through retention of profits and have not utilized as much debt.

X3, Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets (EBIT/TA): This ratio is a measure of the true productivity of the firm’s assets, independent of any tax or leverage factors. Since a firm's ultimate existence is based on the earning power of its assets, this ratio appears to be particularly appropriate for studies dealing with corporate failure. This ratio continually outperforms other profitability measures, including cash flow.

X4, Market Value of Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities (MVE/TL): The measure shows how much the firm’s assets can decline in value (measured by market value of equity plus debt) before the liabilities exceed the assets and the firm becomes insolvent.

X5, Revenue/Total Assets (S/TA): The capital-turnover ratio is a standard financial ratio illustrating the sales generating ability of the firm’s assets.

Read more about Altman Z-score and the original research.


Be Aware

Z score does not apply to financial companies.


Related Terms

Total Assets, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Retained Earnings, Pretax Income, Interest Expense, Revenue, Market Capitalization, Total Liabilities, Financial Strength


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
X1 0.41060.15650.210.11540.00410.12730.19990.02810.01980.0362
X2 0.48690.47190.5560.42790.43780.42530.37590.304200.2597
X3 0.24490.20820.19810.11640.16460.05420.15850.1365-0.05140.0373
X4 0.38860.44340.83241.10261.23142.87932.68731.01120.61460.5691
X5 1.03620.99590.99070.73970.87790.50480.6020.45140.43260.4337
Z-score 3.252.803.172.522.783.163.501.970.661.31
Zones Safe ZonesGrey ZonesSafe ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesSafe ZonesSafe ZonesGrey ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” Zones

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
X1 0.02810.01360.0137-0.00320.01980.05230.03760.04490.03620.0477
X2 0.30420.31960.32440.32200.23820.25020.25680.25970.25
X3 0.13850.11210.09710.0519-0.0414-0.0449-0.0527-0.04210.03730.021
X4 1.01121.12730.78920.62230.61460.35850.31240.40310.56910.436
X5 0.45950.45060.42680.38830.43260.41970.420.4210.43370.4159
Z-score 1.981.961.691.380.690.880.830.941.311.15
Zones Grey ZonesGrey ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” ZonesDistress” Zones
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