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Google Inc (NAS:GOOG)
Altman Z-Score
12.06 (As of Today)

Google Inc has a Z-score of 11.95, indicating it is in Safe Zones. This implies the Z-Score is strong.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

When Z-Score is less than 1.81, it is in Distress” Zones.
When Z-Score is greater than 2.99, it is in Safe Zones.
When Z-Score is between 1.81 and 2.99, it is in Grey” Zones.

GOOG' s 10-Year Altman Z-Score Range
Min: 3.24   Max: 93.81
Current: 12.06

3.24
93.81

During the past 13 years, Google Inc's highest Altman Z-Score was 93.81. The lowest was 3.24. And the median was 25.19.


Definition

Z-Score model is an accurate forecaster of failure up to two years prior to distress. It can be considered the assessment of the distress of industrial corporations.

Google Inc's Altman Z-Score for today is calculated with this formula:

Z=1.2*X1+1.4*X2+3.3*X3+0.6*X4+1.0*X5
=1.2*0.5067+1.4*0.5554+3.3*0.1311+0.6*16.0101+1.0*0.5259
=11.95

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2014:
Total Assets was $116,526 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $75,314 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $16,270 Mil.
Retained Earnings was $64,714 Mil.
Pretax Income was 4472 + 4047 + 3468 + 3370 = $15,357 Mil.
Interest Expense was 0 + -21 + -22 + -42 = $-85 Mil.
Revenue was 15420 + 16858 + 14893 + 14105 = $61,276 Mil.
Market Capitalization (Today) was $397,290 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $24,815 Mil.

X1=Working Capital/Total Assets
=(Total Current Assets - Total Current Liabilities)/Total Assets
=(75314 - 16270)/116526
=0.5067

X2=Retained Earnings/Total Assets
=64714/116526
=0.5554

X3=Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets
=(Pretax Income + Interest Expense)/Total Assets
=(15357 + -85)/116526
=0.1311

X4=Market Value Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities
=Market Capitalization/Total Liabilities
=397290.383/24815
=16.0101

X5=Revenue/Total Assets
=61276/116526
=0.5259

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Distress” Zones - 1.81 < “Grey” Zones < 2.99 - “Safe” Zones

Google Inc has a Z-score of 11.95 indicating it is in Safe Zones.

Study by Altman found that companies that are in Distress Zone have more than 80% of chances of bankruptcy in two years.


Explanation

X1: The Working Capital/Total Assets (WC/TA) ratio is a measure of the net liquid assets of the firm relative to the total capitalization. Working capital is defined as the difference between current assets and current liabilities. Ordinarily, a firm experiencing consistent operating losses will have shrinking current assets in relation to total assets. Altman found this one proved to be the most valuable liquidity ratio comparing with the current ratio and the quick ratio. This is however the least significant of the five factors.

X2: Retained Earnings/Total Assets: the RE/TA ratio measures the leverage of a firm. Retained earnings is the account which reports the total amount of reinvested earnings and/or losses of a firm over its entire life. Those firms with high RE, relative to TA, have financed their assets through retention of profits and have not utilized as much debt.

X3, Earnings Before Interest and Taxes/Total Assets (EBIT/TA): This ratio is a measure of the true productivity of the firm’s assets, independent of any tax or leverage factors. Since a firm's ultimate existence is based on the earning power of its assets, this ratio appears to be particularly appropriate for studies dealing with corporate failure. This ratio continually outperforms other profitability measures, including cash flow.

X4, Market Value of Equity/Book Value of Total Liabilities (MVE/TL): The measure shows how much the firm’s assets can decline in value (measured by market value of equity plus debt) before the liabilities exceed the assets and the firm becomes insolvent.

X5, Revenue/Total Assets (S/TA): The capital-turnover ratio is a standard financial ratio illustrating the sales generating ability of the firm’s assets.

Read more about Altman Z-score and the original research.


Be Aware

Z score does not apply to financial companies.


Related Terms

Total Assets, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Retained Earnings, Pretax Income, Interest Expense, Revenue, Market Capitalization, Total Liabilities, Financial Strength


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Google Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
X1 0.71020.80370.63530.60210.56270.65240.54560.60410.49170.5137
X2 0.17820.20010.27790.36840.42690.49590.48170.51820.51540.5523
X3 0.19620.20840.21710.2240.18430.2070.18650.1690.14180.1299
X4 0000000000
X5 0.96250.59760.57410.6550.68610.5840.50680.52230.53490.5394
Z-score 2.712.532.442.632.572.742.452.532.312.36
Zones Grey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey Zones

Google Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
X1 0.61080.46290.47240.49170.51250.50930.51760.51370.50670.5
X2 0.52490.5030.50660.51540.53460.54270.55090.55230.55540.5603
X3 0.17380.16040.14760.14180.1410.13340.13480.13220.13110.1344
X4 0000000015.10340
X5 0.51820.49690.51640.53490.54280.54140.53650.53020.52590.5191
Z-score 2.562.292.282.312.372.352.372.3611.412.35
Zones Grey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesGrey ZonesSafe ZonesGrey Zones
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