2022 started with a difficult and volatile period for financial markets globally. The long rally in equities, since the COVID-19 recession, came under stress with central banks turning more hawkish towards inflation. This was compounded by the uncertainties caused by the war in Ukraine including the resulting impact on commodity markets. While there was some variability across regions, many global equity indices entered correction territory during the quarter, although by the end of the period, most markets had partially recovered from their lows. A notable departure from this theme was commodity-heavy markets such as Canadian equities, which moved higher given their larger exposure to energy and mining companies.
Supply uncertainty unleashed by the war in Ukraine added to existing inflationary pressures, sending commodity prices higher for crops, oil and gas, and metals. With inflation reaching multi-decade highs, the U.S. Federal Reserve and the Bank of Canada raised interest rates while also indicating the likelihood for more hikes this year. The market’s anticipation for an accelerated pace of rate hikes led Canadian bonds to suffer one of their worst quarters in decades. The Canadian dollar also strengthened against many foreign currencies this quarter, hampering the return of foreign asset classes.
How did we do?
Performance has been presented for the A-Series Mawer Mutual Funds in Canadian dollars and calculated net of fees for the 3-month period of January 1 – March 31, 2022.
Within the volatility of global markets, our relative performance this quarter lagged across our equity asset classes—in some cases substantially. A perfect storm emerged as many high-growth and high-quality businesses experienced a pullback, while less competitively advantaged, commodity-focused businesses led the market by a wide margin. In this environment, our equity strategies’ long-term focus on companies with enduring competitive advantages was undoubtedly overshadowed.
- Many of our higher-growth technology-focused holdings, whose cash flows skew further out into the future, have had their valuations more challenged by central banks’ decisions to raise rates in the face of inflationary pressures. Examples include e-commerce platform Shopify (SHOP, Financial), accounting and tax software provider Intuit (INTU, Financial), and payments processor Adyen (XAMS:ADYEN, Financial).
- Wealth-creating companies, by virtue of the strength of their competitive advantages and the sustainability of their cash flows, are often priced at above-market price-to-earnings multiples to reflect this high quality and, as such, their valuations can exhibit greater sensitivity to rising interest rates. Examples consist of holdings that had their share price pull back this quarter after being terrific compounding investments over the last few years including reference data provider Wolters Kluwer (XAMS:WKL, Financial), IT consultant Accenture (ACN, Financial),and specialty chemicals company Sika (XSWX:SIKA, Financial).
- Other holdings that displayed notable weakness this quarter included those that have revenue tied to financial market levels such as investment fund distribution platform Allfunds Group (XAMS:ALLFG, Financial), and private investments companies such as Bridgepoint Group (LSE:BPT, Financial) and Partners Group (XSWX:PGHN, Financial) which also experience headwinds from higher rates, lower valuations, and potentially lower fees.
Given our philosophy, we tend to have lower exposure to commodity-focused business models. Hence, our underweight in the energy sector and metals and mining industry hampered relative performance this quarter.
- Where we have exposure to the energy sector in Canada, our holdings generally had strong returns including energy producers Canadian Natural Resources (TSX:CNR, Financial) and Suncor Energy (TSX:SU, Financial).
- Similarly, where we have invested in the metals and mining industry, our holdings performed well including copper miner Grupo Mexico (GMBXF, Financial), gold miner Agnico Eagle Mines (TSX:AEM, Financial), and base metals miner Lundin Mining (TSX:LUN, Financial).
We also had some holdings that are not commodity-focused have relatively strong returns this quarter.
- Exchange operators including Deutsche Boerse (XTER:DB1, Financial) and CME Group (CME) had strong returns as the companies are positioned to possibly benefit from higher interest rates and rate volatility.
- Holdings that may benefit from the inflationary environment also performed well including insurance broker Aon given its commission structure, and convenience store operator Alimentation Couche-Tard (TSX:ATD) given higher fuel margins and the relatively price-insensitive nature of its merchandise customers.
Emerging Markets was one of the lower performing regions over the quarter, facing headwinds in China as the country grappled with COVID-19 lockdowns. Russia was also obviously a notable driver of weakness for the region. For balanced investors Mawer’s direct exposure to Russia was very limited and, as the Russia-Ukraine conflict unfolded, we made the decision to exit all our Russian holdings across our portfolios. The timing for exiting our remaining Russian holdings remains uncertain given interruptions in the ability to trade.
Balanced investors were affected this quarter by negative returns from bonds and most equity asset classes as it was the weakest period for global equities since the COVID-19 recession. While often bond returns dampen or offset the effect of equity markets, both asset classes experienced similar levels of decline given the dramatic relative rise in yields.
From an asset mix perspective, we trimmed our equity target on two occasions, once in January and another late in the quarter. Rather than adding the proceeds to bonds, we elected to increase our cash target to help lower the sensitivity of the portfolio to rising interest rates. For balanced investors with dedicated Canadian equity allocations, the trim to equities left our Canada weight untouched as we have been comfortable seeing our allocation to Canada drift higher. We believe this helps provide more resilience in scenarios of elevated commodity prices or additional supply shocks arising from geopolitical events. Given the current market environment we are more comfortable keeping a lid on our overall equity weight, although we still remain overweight compared to the benchmark.
As we move forward, the range of possible scenarios is wide as market participants navigate an environment of rising interest rates while also trying to understand the ramifications of the war in Ukraine. With the Russian economy effectively shut off from the western world due to sanctions, we appear to be experiencing a shift away from globalization, the long-term implications of which remain to be seen. In the short-term, inflationary pressures have accelerated with supply chain disruptions persisting and commodity markets running rampant, increasing the challenges for central banks to tame inflation without hampering growth. The U.S. and Canadian yield curves also flattened in the quarter, a potential warning sign for a future slowdown in growth. Yet, on the encouraging side, there are still potential positive offsets from consumers with pent-up demand, a healthy employment environment, and the hope for a resolution to the conflict in Ukraine.
With the degree of realized volatility across asset classes during the first quarter, one of the risks is that something breaks. The suspension of nickel trading on the London Metal Exchange in March is one sign of something breaking, but the greater risk is that the volatility we’ve seen upsets more fundamental parts of the financial or banking system, areas we are watching closely for signs of distress.
In the middle of a storm, we believe what's most important is being disciplined in adhering to our investment philosophy—and the consistent execution of our process. Predicting the economy’s future is an exceptionally tough task and we do not believe we can do so with any degree of statistically significant success. Rather, we aim to build a resilient portfolio through our bottom-up process: analyzing companies’ competitive advantages and the strength of their management teams, while taking a probabilistic approach to estimating valuation. Given a wide range of possible scenarios, we remain balanced in our approach in an effort to build resilience over the long-term and not being overly exposed to any one outcome. As always, we remain committed to helping our clients manage through uncertainty.
This document is for information purposes only. Commissions, trailing commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with mutual fund investments. Please read the fund facts and the prospectus before investing. The indicated rates of return are the historical annual compounded total returns including changes in unit value and reinvestment of all distributions and do not take into account sales, redemption, distribution or optional charges or income taxes payable by any securityholder that would have reduced returns. Mutual funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated. Mawer Funds are managed by Mawer Investment Management Ltd. Mutual fund securities are not covered by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation or by any other government deposit insurer.
This Mawer Quarterly includes certain statements that are “forward looking statements.” All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this report that address activities, events or developments that the portfolio advisor, Mawer Investment Management Ltd., expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future, including such things as anticipated ﬁnancial performance, are forward looking statements. The words “may”, “could”, “would”, “should”, “believe”, “plan”, “anticipate”, “expect”, “intend”, “forecast”, “objective” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward looking statements. These forward looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including the risks described in the Simpliﬁed Prospectus of the Fund, uncertainties and assumptions about the Fund, capital markets and economic factors, which could cause actual ﬁnancial performance and expectations to differ materially from the anticipated performance or other expectations expressed. Economic factors include, but are not limited to, general economic, political and market factors in North America and internationally, interest and foreign exchange rates, global equity and capital markets, business competition, technological change, changes in government regulations, unexpected judicial or regulatory proceedings, and catastrophic events.
All opinions contained in forward looking statements are subject to change without notice and are provided in good faith but without legal responsibility. The portfolio advisor has no speciﬁc intention of updating any forward looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by securities legislation. Certain research and information about speciﬁc holdings in the Fund, including any opinion, is based upon various sources believed to be reliable, but it cannot be guaranteed to be current, accurate or complete. It is for information only, and is subject to change without notice.